S. Dakota TB update
April 1, 2017
Number of adjacent Herds Quarantined 7
Number of adjacent Herds Released from Quarantine 9
Number of Trace Out Investigation Herds in SD 66
Number of Trace Out States 12: ND, MT, WY, CO, NE, KS, OK, MN, IA, MO, AR, TX
Total Cattle Tested in SD (April 4, 2017) 7,546
A disposition plan for the affected herd (index herd) has been decided. Although remaining animals in the herd have tested negative, the prevalence of TB within this herd was high, and there is a chance that undetected infected animals remain in the herd. Test negative animals will now be sent to inspected slaughter as the preferred method of herd depopulation. USDA APHIS has agreed to indemnify the herd owner at full market value for the cattle.
State and federal animal health officials continue to investigate adjacent herds as well as 'trace out' herds that may have had contact with or purchased animals from the index herd. Bovine tuberculosis has been confirmed in one cow that previously resided in the index herd, but has since been part of an adjacent herd for approximately 2 years. Additional investigation into the status of this herd continues.
Eight of 13 adjacent herds have been released from quarantine after herd testing revealed no findings of tuberculosis. Indemnification and necropsy of animals that left the index herd continues, and trace-out herds are being tested.
South Dakota's Game Fish and Parks Department has been collecting samples from wildlife in the area around the affected herd; an update on their activities can be found below.
Bovine Tuberculosis (TB) was identified in three beef cows during routine slaughter inspection by USDA Food Safety Inspection Service inspectors at two Nebraska slaughter plants in February, 2017. The cows had been in feedlots in Nebraska and South Dakota since November, 2016. Market records were used to identify the herd of origin, which was tested by state and federal animal health officials, revealing additional infected animals. The herd remains quarantined and 41 infected animals have been removed from the herd. Final disposition of remaining animals in the herd is being determined.
Bovine tuberculosis (TB) surveillance began March 27 with three days of ground and aerial removal and retrieval of targeted animals. In total, 55 white-tailed deer, 56 mule deer, and 42 pronghorn were removed. Nine raccoons were trapped and collected. Thirty-seven coyotes were removed and retrieved via fixed-winged airplane. Samples were collected and submitted for testing from all wildlife removed. All salvageable deer and pronghorn have been delivered to a processor and will be stored until test results become available. Once test results are received all deer and pronghorn meat that does not test positive for TB will be distributed to community food banks.
The short-term wildlife surveillance effort has ended pending results of laboratory samples. Short and long-term wildlife surveillance will be revaluated once laboratory results are obtained in approximately 6-8 weeks. Laboratory results will be shared once they become available.
–South Dakota Animal Industry Board