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NFU opposes ERS, NIFA moves

The National Farmers Union announced Tuesday that it is opposed to the Trump administration's plan to put the Economic Research Service under the USDA chief economist and to move ERS and the National Institute for Food and Agriculture out of the Washington metropolitan area.

"ERS and NIFA play a key role in helping farmers and ranchers improve productivity, natural resource stewardship, and access to global markets and trade," NFU President Roger Johnson wrote in a letter to Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue, who announced the plans.

Johnson continued, "As the economic and environmental challenges facing family farmers and ranchers mount, it is critical that USDA prioritize the work of the agencies. The process to relocate these agencies has lacked meaningful public input that would better inform any final decision. Additionally, the USDA should be more forthcoming and transparent with the metrics it utilized in developing the current proposal.

"Given the available information, NFU has several concerns. The proposal does not adequately address how USDA will improve the agencies' effectiveness in serving family farmers and ranchers. While USDA cites current difficulty with employee recruitment as a justification, we are concerned that the move will lead to a large loss of knowledgeable and experienced staff. Such a loss could cause disruptions in NIFA's program delivery, and ERS's reporting and research," he continued. "Any disruption in the execution of these agencies' functions would have a significant detrimental impact on family farmers and ranchers. We are also deeply concerned that the relocation and reorganization could jeopardize each agency's objectivity."

Johnson also wrote, "The chief economist's role is to advise the secretary on the economic impact of USDA's policies and programs, while ERS's mission is to conduct 'objective economic research' for the benefit of the public. Placing ERS directly under the chief economist's purview may diminish the scientific integrity of the agency's research. Relocating NIFA at or near entities applying for grants may also create conflicts of interest in the grant awarding process."

–The Hagstrom Report

PRCA standings as of Sept. 17

All-Around

1 Tuf Cooper, Decatur, Texas $207,662

2 Trevor Brazile, Decatur, Texas 181,107

3 Rhen Richard, Roosevelt, Utah 137,179

4 Ryle Smith, Oakdale, Calif. 108,588

5 Steven Dent, Mullen, Neb. 107,966

6 Curtis Cassidy, Donalda, Alberta 94,832

7 Paul David Tierney, Oklahoma City, Okla. 79,367

8 Jordan Ketscher, Squaw Valley, Calif. 71,659

9 Marcus Theriot, Poplarville, Miss. 62,796

10 Dakota Eldridge, Elko, Nev. 60,005

11 Clayton Hass, Weatherford, Texas 59,712

12 Seth Hall, Albuquerque, N.M. 55,324

13 Russell Cardoza, Terrebonne, Ore. 51,351

14 Chance Oftedahl, Pemberton, Minn. 49,216

15 Tanner Green, Cotulla, Texas 49,201

16 Cody Doescher, Oklahoma City, Okla. 47,205

17 Chant DeForest, Wheatland, Calif. 38,129

18 Eli Lord, Sturgis, S.D. 37,889

19 Trell Etbauer, Goodwell, Okla. 37,554

20 Hadley DeShazo, Ash Flat, Ark. 35,447

Bareback Riding

1 Tim O'Connell, Zwingle, Iowa $180,527

2 Caleb Bennett, Tremonton, Utah 170,005

3 Orin Larsen, Inglis, Manitoba 130,655

4 Clayton Biglow, Clements, Calif. 130,611

5 Bill Tutor, Huntsville, Texas 117,872

6 Richmond Champion, The Woodlands, Texas 113,792

7 Kaycee Feild, Spanish Fork, Utah 107,861

8 Steven Dent, Mullen, Neb. 105,982

9 Jake Brown, Cleveland, Texas 101,403

10 Mason Clements, Springville, Utah 99,536

11 Ty Breuer, Mandan, N.D. 91,256

12 Tilden Hooper, Carthage, Texas 88,634

13 Shane O'Connell, Rapid City, S.D. 78,929

14 J.R. Vezain, Cowley, Wyo. 77,711

15 Wyatt Denny, Minden, Nev. 73,641

16 Clint Laye, Cadogan, Alberta 65,914

17 Seth Hardwick, Ranchester, Wyo. 62,632

18 Tanner Aus, Granite Falls, Minn. 58,446

19 Ty Taypotat, Regina, Saskatchewan 58,324

20 Will Lowe, Canyon, Texas 57,685

Steer Wrestling

1 Curtis Cassidy, Donalda, Alberta $104,798

2 Tyler Pearson, Louisville, Miss. 97,520

3 Scott Guenthner, Provost, Alberta 91,925

4 Ty Erickson, Helena, Mont. 89,662

5 Will Lummus, West Point, Miss. 86,958

6 Hunter Cure, Holliday, Texas 83,711

7 Bridger Chambers, Stevensville, Mont. 81,178

8 Tanner Brunner, Ramona, Kan. 81,044

9 Jacob Talley, Keatchie, La. 79,964

10 Tyler Waguespack, Gonzales, La. 78,155

11 Riley Duvall, Checotah, Okla. 75,714

12 Blake Mindemann, Blanchard, Okla. 75,386

13 Blake Knowles, Heppner, Ore. 73,474

14 Kyle Irwin, Robertsdale, Ala. 73,264

15 Nick Guy, Sparta, Wis. 69,911

16 Cole Edge, Durant, Okla. 68,480

17 Tanner Milan, Cochrane, Alberta 67,601

18 Cameron Morman, Glen Ullin, N.D. 62,676

19 Billy Bugenig, Ferndale, Calif. 60,663

20 Chason Floyd, Buffalo, S.D. 59,135

Team Roping (Header)

1 Kaleb Driggers, Hoboken, Ga. $110,101

2 Clay Smith, Broken Bow, Okla. 109,190

3 Dustin Egusquiza, Mariana, Fla. 100,805

4 Clay Tryan, Billings, Mont. 96,990

5 Cody Snow, Los Olivos, Calif. 85,640

6 Chad Masters, Cedar Hill, Tenn. 85,353

7 Bubba Buckaloo, Kingston, Okla. 85,336

8 Luke Brown, Rock Hill, S.C. 81,871

9 Derrick Begay, Seba Dalkai, Ariz. 81,853

10 Riley Minor, Ellensburg, Wash. 81,554

11 Aaron Tsinigine, Tuba City, Ariz. 81,312

12 Tyler Wade, Terrell, Texas 66,914

13 Erich Rogers, Round Rock, Ariz. 66,531

14 Rhen Richard, Roosevelt, Utah 65,232

15 Lane Ivy, Dublin, Texas 61,676

16 Spencer Mitchell, Orange Cove, Calif. 61,664

17 Jeff Flenniken, Caldwell, Idaho 59,552

18 Joshua Torres, Ocala, Fla. 57,107

19 Logan Olson, Flandreau, S.D. 56,108

20 Kolton Schmidt, Barrhead, Alberta 55,572

Team Roping (Heeler)

1 Junior Nogueira, Presidente Prudente, Brazil $111,084

2 Paul Eaves, Lonedell, Mo. 109,190

3 Joseph Harrison, Overbrook, Okla. 104,526

4 Kory Koontz, Stephenville, Texas 100,805

5 Trey Yates, Pueblo, Colo. 96,284

6 Travis Graves, Jay, Okla. 93,133

7 Cory Petska, Marana, Ariz. 90,047

8 Wesley Thorp, Throckmorton, Texas 81,950

9 Jake Long, Coffeyville, Kan. 81,871

10 Brady Minor, Ellensburg, Wash. 80,361

11 Clint Summers, Lake City, Fla. 79,483

12 Chase Tryan, Helena, Mont. 67,964

13 Cole Davison, Stephenville, Texas 62,477

14 Jake Minor, Ellensburg, Wash. 59,552

15 Buddy Hawkins II, Columbus, Kan. 58,669

16 Quinn Kesler, Holden, Utah 58,221

17 Jonathan Torres, Ocala, Fla. 57,107

18 Matt Kasner, Cody, Neb. 57,038

19 Trace Porter, Leesville, La. 56,138

20 Reagan Ward, Edmond, Okla. 54,611

Saddle Bronc Riding

1 Jacobs Crawley, Boerne, Texas $159,933

2 Ryder Wright, Milford, Utah 158,318

3 Isaac Diaz, Desdemona, Texas 122,276

4 Rusty Wright, Milford, Utah 116,648

5 Zeke Thurston, Big Valley, Alberta 112,637

6 Brody Cress, Hillsdale, Wyo. 111,588

7 Clay Elliott, Nanton, Alberta 103,231

8 Wade Sundell, Boxholm, Iowa 102,983

9 Sterling Crawley, Stephenville, Texas 97,674

10 Cort Scheer, Elsmere, Neb. 94,633

11 CoBurn Bradshaw, Beaver, Utah 88,462

12 Jake Wright, Milford, Utah 81,903

13 Joey Sonnier III, New Iberia, La. 78,754

14 Taos Muncy, Corona, N.M. 74,632

15 Spencer Wright, Milford, Utah 72,162

16 Chase Brooks, Deer Lodge, Mont. 71,110

17 Allen Boore, Axtell, Utah 70,862

18 J.J. Elshere, Hereford, S.D. 68,249

19 Bradley Harter, Loranger, La. 61,989

20 Colt Gordon, Comanche, Okla. 52,456

Tie-Down Roping

1 Tuf Cooper, Decatur, Texas $129,898

2 Shane Hanchey, Sulphur, La. 126,515

3 Tyson Durfey, Weatherford, Texas 125,949

4 Ryle Smith, Oakdale, Calif. 92,082

5 Jake Pratt, Ellensburg, Wash. 91,033

6 Trevor Brazile, Decatur, Texas 89,676

7 Cooper Martin, Alma, Kan. 89,045

8 Caleb Smidt, Bellville, Texas 87,469

9 Cory Solomon, Prairie View, Texas 86,675

10 Reese Riemer, Stinnett, Texas 83,900

11 Matt Shiozawa, Chubbuck, Idaho 83,377

12 Rhen Richard, Roosevelt, Utah 79,760

13 Marty Yates, Stephenville, Texas 79,154

14 Blane Cox, Cameron, Texas 74,652

15 Ryan Jarrett, Comanche, Okla. 74,526

16 Sterling Smith, Stephenville, Texas 74,520

17 Adam Gray, Seymour, Texas 68,058

18 Tyler Milligan, Pawhuska, Okla. 65,658

19 Scott Kormos, Teague, Texas 65,031

20 Ty Harris, San Angelo, Texas 62,752

Steer Roping

1 Tuf Cooper, Decatur, Texas $85,832

2 Scott Snedecor, Fredericksburg, Texas 68,266

3 Rocky Patterson, Pratt, Kan. 62,225

4 Chris Glover, Keenesburg, Colo. 57,563

5 Trevor Brazile, Decatur, Texas 54,482

6 Vin Fisher Jr., Andrews, Texas 54,134

7 J. Tom Fisher, Andrews, Texas 45,410

8 Tony Reina, Wharton, Texas 44,717

9 Chet Herren, Pawhuska, Okla. 43,786

10 Jarrett Blessing, Paradise, Texas 43,560

11 Garrett Hale, Snyder, Texas 43,309

12 Brodie Poppino, Big Cabin, Okla. 42,978

13 Will Gasperson, Decatur, Texas 41,528

14 Cody Lee, Gatesville, Texas 40,691

15 Bryce Davis, Ovalo, Texas 39,232

16 Jim Locke, Miami, Texas 35,948

17 Roger Branch, Wellston, Okla. 35,187

18 Corey Ross, Liberty Hill, Texas 33,631

19 Shay Good, Midland, Texas 27,439

20 Jason Evans, Glen Rose, Texas 25,102

Bull Riding

1 Sage Kimzey, Strong City, Okla. $281,039

2 Parker Breding, Edgar, Mont. 179,895

3 Dustin Boquet, Bourg, La. 111,544

4 Boudreaux Campbell, Crockett, Texas 106,431

5 Roscoe Jarboe, New Plymouth, Idaho 104,624

6 Chase Dougherty, Canby, Ore. 102,729

7 Jeff Askey, Athens, Texas 101,531

8 Trey Benton III, Rock Island, Texas 95,420

9 Cole Melancon, Batson, Texas 94,764

10 Tyler Bingham, Honeyville, Utah 94,432

11 Eli Vastbinder, Athens, Texas 94,111

12 Joe Frost, Randlett, Utah 92,328

13 Trevor Kastner, Roff, Okla. 91,360

14 Koby Radley, Montpelier, La. 91,042

15 Garrett Tribble, Bristow, Okla. 90,094

16 Clayton Sellars, Fruitland Park, Fla. 89,936

17 Elliot Jacoby, Fredericksburg, Texas 89,200

18 Jordan Spears, Redding, Calif. 88,978

19 J.W. Harris, Goldthwaite, Texas 86,040

20 Riker Carter, Stone, Idaho 81,950

*2018 Barrel Racing (Sept. 17, 2018)

Barrel racing standings, provided by the Women's Professional Rodeo Association (WPRA), are unofficial, subject to audit and may change. Unofficial WPRA Standings are published by the PRCA as a courtesy. The PRCA is not responsible for the verification or updating of WPRA standings.

1 Hailey Kinsel, Cotulla, Texas $192,492

2 Nellie Miller, Cottonwood, Calif. 146,826

3 Brittany Pozzi Tonozzi, Victoria, Texas 133,807

4 Lisa Lockhart, Oelrichs, S.D. 123,516

5 Stevi Hillman, Weatherford, Texas 109,231

6 Taci Bettis, Round Top, Texas 102,975

7 Kylie Weast, Comanche, Okla. 99,917

8 Jessica Routier, Buffalo, S.D. 98,704

9 Ivy Conrado, Hudson, Colo. 96,377

10 Tammy Fischer, Ledbetter, Texas 91,277

11 Carman Pozzobon, Aldergrove, British Columbia 86,947

12 Kelly Bruner, Millsap, Texas 86,662

13 Amberleigh Moore, Salem, Ore. 85,977

14 Tracy Nowlin, Nowata, Okla. 85,494

15 Carley Richardson, Pampa, Texas 83,011

16 Jessica Telford, Caldwell, Idaho 82,859

17 Kellie Collier, Hereford, Texas 77,494

18 Teri Bangart, Olympia, Wash. 75,461

19 Jessi Fish, Franklin, Tenn. 74,939

20 Tiany Schuster, Krum, Texas 68,197

Earl cartoon by Big Dry Syndicate

Earl cartoon by Big Dry Syndicate for the Sept. 22, 2018, edition of Tri-State Livestock News

Lee Pitts: Everybody Looks Better In A Cowboy Hat

When I taught myself how to engrave silver conchas I practiced on coins. Most of it was foreign coinage but occasionally I'd practice on U.S. coins. And yes, it's legal as long as a person doesn't try to defraud anyone. Turning nickels into quarters would be a good example. This is why little kids who squish pennies on railroad tracks aren't arrested and thrown in the slammer.

Back when homeless people were called "hobos" some tramps used nails to engrave on buffalo nickels and produced remarkable art they'd then trade for a meal. Today such coins are called "hobo nickels" and they can be quite beautiful and very valuable.

While the hobo artists turned the faces on nickels into remarkable likenesses of Marylin Monroe, clowns, skeletons, cats and self-portraits, I turned my nickels into cowboy coinage. You should see the look on people when I hand them one of my coins with the head of a horse where Abraham Lincoln (penny), Thomas Jefferson (nickel), FDR, (dime) or George Washignton (quarter) should be. My favorite coins to engrave on are newer dimes because they haven't been made of real silver since 1964 and if you scratch one your mark will turn to copper and you can get remarkable two-tone effects.

In the course of turning George Washington and his cronies into cowboys I made a rather remarkable discovery: all I had to do was engrave a cowboy hat on all the former Presidents and every single one looked much more handsome. This was especially true of Abraham Lincoln who, let's be honest, had a face that could keep the crows out of 100 acres of corn.

I was mesmerized by how much better people look in cowboy hats. I gathered up all my wife's magazines and drew cowboy hats on everyone from Queen Elizabeth to the entire Kardashian clan and they all looked better. Even Debbie Wasserman Schultz and Nancy Pelosi, who both need extra large shopping carts when they shop in the beauty-aid aisle of a drugstore, looked better. And if that isn't conclusive proof that everyone looks better in a cowboy hat I don't know what is.

I even went to the store and bought some magazines for men and drew cowboy hats on all the males which were surprisingly few and far between because most male magazines are filled with photos of guns, trucks and naked women. Everyone from Snoop Dogg to Miss January looked better in a cowboy hat. And I hope this isn't blasphemous but may I say that even the Pope looked better in a Stetson.

Try it for yourself. Get yourself a Sharpie® and some magazines and start drawing hats on everyone. If you can't draw, cut out the picture of a cowboy hat and put it atop everybody and you too will see that everyone looks better in a cowboy hat. It really is an amazing transformation. Although I must warn you to be careful because, speaking from experience, some wives get a little touchy when you defile their Vogue, Family Circle or Good Housekeeping. But they'll get over it. Eventually.

I remember a few years back when the entire U.S. Olympic team was outfitted by Ralph Lauren and every athlete wore a cowboy hat in the opening and closing ceremonies. I don't remember the medal count that year but I clearly recall that we easily won the award for "best dressed" and it was all because of the cowboy hats. I think it would make a great advertising program for Stetson, Resistol or some other hat company to put one of their hats on photos of high profile people. If they did so they could extend their market beyond just selling hats to cowboys, truck drivers and country western singers.

Speaking of country western singers, can we please lose the earrings and pony tails guys? Willie Nelson can get away with it but can you imagine Johnny Cash, Tennessee Ernie Ford or George Strait wearing an earring? Although I don't think anyone looks better in a cowboy hat than George Strait, I still can't get the image out of my mind of him wearing a pony tail in that movie he made. Guys, take it from me, we'd look a lot more manly if fewer of us were wearing earrings, tattoos and pony tails and more were wearing cowboy hats.

Beef Bucks, Inc. Named 2018 South Dakota State University Friend of the Beef Industry

BROOKINGS, S.D. – Beef Bucks, Inc., has been named the 2018 South Dakota State University Friend of the Beef Industry. The Beef Bucks program is a non-profit organization that strives to promote the beef industry and educate consumers.

"Beef Bucks is a very innovative program that enhances the visibility of beef and the industry," said John Killefer, South Dakota Corn Utilization Council Endowed Dean of the College of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Sciences. "It has made a very positive impact on the beef industry."

Beef Bucks was formed in De Smet in 1997 by Bob and Nancy Montross, Delina Nagel and Joanne Hillman with a goal of offering beef to anyone and anywhere.

Beef Bucks are pre-paid checks available for $5, $10, and $20 and are sold on a dollar for dollar exchange. Beef Bucks are also available on a VISA debit card that is loadable for $25-$500 with an acquisition fee of $4.50. They can be used to purchase beef or beef meals at any restaurant, steakhouse, grocery store or retail meat market across the United States that accepts checks or debit cards. Beef Bucks can be bought at numerous locations throughout South Dakota and a full list is available at beefbucks.org.

Millions of dollars' worth of beef have been shared using Beef Bucks in more than 40 states. The program even provides a $1,000 Beef Bucks prize on the television show, "Wheel of Fortune," something it has been doing for nine years.

Beef Bucks also provides scholarships to several students attending institutions of higher education each year, including SDU. To support the scholarships, implementation of the program and the many projects Beef Bucks is involved with, Beef Bucks has put together and sells a beef recipe book and sponsors an annual golf tournament.

The non-profit organization is run by a volunteer board of directors that includes Joanne Hillman of Sioux Falls, President; Eileen Moller of Mitchell, Vice President; Bob Montross of De Smet, Treasurer; Nancy Montross of De Smet, Executive Secretary; Judy Blindauer of Mitchell; Jim Woster of Sioux Falls; and Todd Olinger of Woonsocket.

Beef Bucks, Inc. was honored on the field during the September 15 SDSU Beef Bowl football game. The organization was represented during the football game by Bob and Nancy Montross.

–SDSU Extension

Wyoming Cowboy Hall of Fame to induct 2017 class

Wyoming Cowboy Hall of Fame (WCHF) will induct honorees the weekend of Sept. 23 and 24. Central Wyoming's hub of industry, energy, tourism and ranching will host the stellar WCHF Class of 2017 – two women and forty-five men from across the state whose accomplishments will be celebrated in the main arena of Casper Events Center Sunday the 24th – as they join the 132 men and 9 women already honored in WCHF.

They'll hit town like the fall gather, and in the aftermath of August's eclipse events the beautiful plains community guarantees no traffic jams. Put a gather on your own bunch and herd 'em to Casper's Ramkota Hotel & Conference Center Saturday, September 23rd. Located at 800 North Poplar, just off Interstate 25 entering Casper, Ramkota is official host to WCHF's Class of 2017.

The facility's comprehensive website is https://ramkotacasper.com/. Making early reservations is essential. Call (307) 266-6000 and mention the WCHF Induction to be eligible for the special Wyoming Cowboy Hall of Fame block of rooms, reserved for participants at the significantly reduced rate of $74.99. The Center offers shuttle service for airport pickup, as well as to and from the Casper Events Center for Sunday's Induction.

Cowboy convocations are popular on Wyoming's isolated plains, and capacity crowds are expected. Whenever scattered sagebrush folk gather, the spirit of reunion is as strong as it was on an 1880's roundup. Grass, weather and cattle prices will be cussed and discussed, spiced by the usual fare of jests, tall tales, remember-when's, and rich, loud laughter. Whether or not you're part of that priceless culture you'll want a place at the table when the back-slapping, toe-tapping good times begin in Ramkota's ballroom garden area at 6 pm Saturday September 23rd. Sidle up front an' center, where you'll become so engrossed in the tales of past, present and future Wyoming Cowboy Hall of Fame honorees you'll swear you've scented saddle leather, trail dust and the smoke of a branding fire.

Enhancing your experience will be a cash bar and appetizers, backed by great Western music for listening or dancing. Shopping opportunities will include preciously collectible Induction posters and booklets of WCHF honoree classes from 2014 through 2017. You can choose and order a Tres Rios Silver WCHF belt buckle or pick up your pre-ordered buckles; or order a commemorative bottle of Pendleton Whiskey engraved with the WCHF logo and your favorite Honoree's name and induction year. You'll also have first pick of styles, sizes and colors from the varied attire branded with the beautiful and distinctive WCHF logo.

Tickets for the Induction Ceremony, $30 per person regardless of age, can only be purchased through this link, http://www.caspereventscenter.com/events/detail/cowboy-hall-of-fame-2017-induction-ceremony or at the Casper Events Center box-office, starting at 9am, Sunday September 24. Free Honoree passes can be called for by name at the main doors of the Casper Events Center on Sunday morning the 24th at 9 am. Meeting the Class of 2017 makes your ticket a bargain – plus there's food, drink and entertainment! Emcee Chuck Larsen of Hulett , back by popular demand, is one of few Wyoming cowboys ever profiled in the New York Post. He'll be sided by Wyoming's internationally famous horseshoeing/auctioneering brothers Jim and Andy Nelson, co-hosts of weekly syndicated "Clear Out West (C.O.W.) Radio" show. For the many who want to commemorate this Induction, Olie Moss, http://www.OliesImages.com , will be taking portrait quality family, group and individual photos with no sitting fee; and making the photos available online following the event.

The Induction ceremony will begin at 11 am, giving you time to write bids on the wide array of beautiful and unique silent auction items or phone your banker to see how high you dare bid on your favorite awesome live auction item! The Cowboy State's top hands will make Casper sparkle all weekend, so don't miss a moment of it. Make your reservations early, and follow https://www.facebook.com/wyomingcowboyhalloffame and http://www.wyomingcowboyhalloffame.com to find all the creek crossings and keep up with the herd.

–Wyoming Cowboy Hall of Fame

Soybeans May Be Viable Cattle Feed Option

Soybeans can be used as a protein supplement for beef cattle, as long as the beans are a small part of the cattle's diet.

North Dakota producers having trouble selling soybeans for the export market this year should consider feeding the soybeans to beef cattle, North Dakota State University Extension livestock experts say.

Soybeans can be used as a protein supplement for beef cattle, as long as the beans are a small part of the cattle's diet, according to Karl Hoppe, Extension livestock systems specialist at NDSU's Carrington Research Extension Center.

"Whole soybeans typically contain about 40 percent protein and 20 percent fat," he says. "Nutrient analysis is recommended on soybeans prior to feeding to correctly balance rations."

Researchers have found that when the oil content of the ration exceeds 7 percent, it can be toxic to the microbes in the cattle's rumen and decrease digestibility. Too much oil in cattle rations will lead to scours (diarrhea), cessation of rumen fermentation and, eventually, death.

"Because of these limitations, the recommended upper limit of feeding would be about 20 percent of the ration," Hoppe says. "Practical feeding levels are probably more like 2 to 3 pounds per head per day. At this low rate of supplementation, soybeans provide an excellent source of protein and energy."

For example, he recommends feeding 2.5 pounds of soybeans if the ration requires an extra pound of crude protein to meet protein requirements. For a 1,400-pound cow eating 40 pounds of feed, whole soybeans are about 6 percent of the ration.

Cattle are better able to tolerate whole soybeans than swine. Whole beans contain anti-nutrition factors, or substances that reduce the use of nutrients or food intake, which affects livestock's growth. The beans need to be heat-treated, which inactivates these substances.

Heat treatment can be done by extruding (processing) or roasting. Soybean meal is heat-treated during the oil extraction process.

"Mature cattle appear to not be affected by the same anti-nutrition factors as swine," says John Dhuyvetter, Extension livestock systems specialist at NDSU's North Central Research Extension Center. "However, unprocessed soybeans should not be fed to young calves under 300 pounds."

Also, producers should not use raw soybeans in conjunction with protein tubs, blocks or other supplements containing urea. Soybeans contain urease, which breaks down rapidly into ammonia. The combination of urea-containing products and soybeans can lead to ammonia toxicity and death.

Green soybeans, which are beans that are harvested early or frost damaged before they can become mature, also can be fed to cattle at low rates in the ration, says Janna Kincheloe, Extension livestock systems specialist at NDSU's Hettinger Research Extension Center. However, mycotoxins can be a problem in damaged soybeans.

"So, in addition to testing for oil content, producers should consider testing soybeans for mycotoxins that can impact animal health," she notes. "Mold does not have to be visible for mycotoxins to be present, although proper drying and storage of beans reduces this potential."

Hoppe says soybeans haven't been used much in cattle rations because they have been more expensive than other feeds such as distillers grains, alfalfa hay and wheat midds, but the recent trade disputes that have limited U.S. soybean exports may make beans a more affordable option to provide cattle with protein.

–NDSU Extension

Interior’s Sue and Settle Order Exposes Secret Settlements with Activists

Activists have grown rich by suing the government and reaping billions of taxpayers' dollars – and all in secret. The U.S. Department of Interior, however, has issued an order to curb this abuse of basic, democratic processes and to open backroom deals to public scrutiny. The American Farm Bureau Federation and state Farm Bureaus, including the Montana Farm Bureau Federation (MFBF), applaud this overdue action.

Interior alone paid out more than $4.4 billion in monetary awards under terms of 460 settlement agreements and consent decrees between Jan. 1, 2012, and Jan. 19, 2017. In other words, Interior paid out an average of more than $800 million a year while keeping key aspects of litigation secret. It's easy to see why so many outside observers fear an unaccountable bureaucracy cutting deals with activists.

"It's about time this disturbing government practice is brought to light," said MFBF's Executive Vice President John Youngberg. "It's important that all of these settlements will now have public scrutiny so people can see exactly where their tax dollars are going—being paid out by government agencies to activists and their lawyers. This will hopefully put a halt to these frivolous, endless lawsuits."

"The Department of Interior is shining light on a corner of government most people don't even know exists," AFBF General Counsel Ellen Steen said. "Basic transparency demands that citizens know what their government is doing. When activists sue, they can tie up the government with dozens of frivolous claims but still recover attorneys' fees if a judge upholds even one, solitary claim.

"Faced with a barrage of allegations that sap agency time and resources whether they have merit or not, the government is too often motivated to capitulate through secret settlements. Some agencies have even been known to invite litigation with the purpose of entering a settlement to provide political cover for controversial agency policies. If they settle, agencies often agree to pay legal fees, which further fuels the sue-and-settle machine. This action is a solid first step to fix the problem. Every other federal agency should follow suit."

Among other things, the department has committed to:

Establish a publicly accessible webpage that details ongoing litigation.

Post a searchable list and text of final judicial and administrative consent decrees and settlement agreements that govern departmental actions along with details of attorneys' fees paid.

Post any proposed consent decree or settlement agreement that commits DOI to seek a particular appropriation or budget authorization from Congress or formally reprogram appropriated funds.

Publish notice of proposed consent decrees and settlements in the Federal Register and provide a public comment period of at least 30 days.

Full text and details of the order can be found here: https://www.doi.gov/sites/doi.gov/files/elips/documents/so_3368_promoting_transparency_and_accountability_in_consent_decrees_and_settlement_agreements.pdf

–Montana Farm Bureau

Delbert “Gumbo” Lamb: 1963-2018

Gumbo was born January 27, 1963 at Eagle Butte, to Delbert (Doc) and Sharon (Keller) Lamb.

He was always a cowboy! He went to school in White Horse Day School to the 8th grade and graduated from Cheyenne Eagle Butte. Gumbo went to Riverton WY., for college and then he transferred to Dickinson, ND to be with his first son Mykel Gene.

Gumbo rodeo all through High School, he won the State High School Championship and was qualified to go to the National in Douglas WY. He won a few saddles, a few belt buckles and a Dodge Pick-up and trophies, he was in the 1987 Bad Lands Circuit Bronco riding champion. Gumbo went on a Trail Ride with Casey Tibbs with the Bucking Horses from White Horse to Timber Lake.

He was diagnosed with cancer 13 years ago he fought a long hard battle but, he never complained.

He married Shawn LeBeaux they had 2 sons; Dr. Delbert Lamb, Durham, NC., and Kritter (Kristopher) Lamb of Timber Lake, granddaughter, Payton

Gumbo is survived by his caregiver Shawn LeBeaux, Son's; Dr. Delbert Lamb, Durham, NC., and Kritter (Kristopher) Lamb of Timber Lake, granddaughter, Payton (who was the love of his life) mother Sharon (Whitey) Keller sisters, Deleen Kougl, Nadeane (Art) Clifton.

He was preceded in death by his dad, Delbert (Doc) Lamb, son, Mykel Gene Lamb, grandparents, Tuffy and Mary Ducheneaux, Jule and Marie Lamb.

Mass of Christian Burial for Delbert "Gumbo" Lamb, age 55, of Timber Lake will be 10 AM MDT Monday, September 17, 2018 at Holy Cross Catholic Church in Timber Lake. Interment will be in the Timber Lake Cemetery under the direction of Kesling Funeral Home of Mobridge. Rosary wake service will be 7 PM MDT Sunday, September 16, 2018 St. Theresa's Catholic Church in White Horse. Delbert passed away Wednesday, September 12, 2018, at the Mobridge Regional Hospital.

Outtagrass Cattle Co. cartoon by Jan Swan Wood

Outtagrass Cattle Co. cartoon by Jan Swan Wood for the Sept. 15, 2018, edition of Tri-State Livestock News