| TSLN.com

Lagoon spills, livestock deaths growing in N.C.

The impact of Hurricane Florence on North Carolina's livestock industry appears to be worse than earlier reports, according to news stories in the last two days.

"Twice as many livestock have died in North Carolina due to Hurricane Florence as perished in Hurricane Matthew two years ago, and more manure lagoons have been damaged or flooded, state agencies said on Wednesday," the Food & Environment Reporting Network said.

Preliminary estimates by the North Carolina Department of Agriculture put livestock losses at 3.4 million poultry and 5,500 hogs, FERN added.

"Pig poop" is a "disgusting side effect of Florence," USA Today reported Thursday.

–The Hagstrom Report

Tariffs: Producers want trade over aid

Tariff: a tax or duty to be paid on a particular class of imports or exports.

In an effort to level the U. S. trading field, President Trump has levied tariffs on some trading partners, most notably Canada, Mexico and China.

How will this affect producers, especially beef producers, at the grass-roots level?

“I will qualify I may be in a camp of few people,” John Nalivka said, “but I’ve never been overly concerned.” Nalivka has 35 years’ experience in U. S. trade, including working for the United States Department of Agriculture in Washington, D.C. He is also a cattle rancher.

“I think we will get these trade deficits fixed. Rule number one on China trade is, it’s a communist country and they can’t have people hungry, so regardless (of what they have to do) they’ll make sure people aren’t hungry.

“China is already coming back on (buying) soybeans. They’ve bought about all they can from somewhere else. China has been a communist country for six decades,” Nalivka said. Food is leverage for communist countries, so China will make sure it keeps a good supply.

“Trade in itself is demand,” Nalika said. “All buyers look for the best price, but the currency exchange rate gives the final cost. There is the absolute price, the exchange price, and the tariff price.”

Nalivka said multi-level trade deals are bad. Bilateral trade deals are best, he said.

“I was in a meeting in Washington where they presented the Trans-Pacific Partnership. It was 10,000 pages. I asked those guys ‘what’s in it?’ and they talked a lot of trade jargon, but I never got an answer.

“Trade talks are usually so complex no one can understand, but Trump talks in the average person’s language. And he understands the exchange rate.

“I was at the USDA in Washington for the 1984 deal with Japan on beef and orange juice. That was a good deal.” Nalivka said. "Make no mistake, the beef in the USA is the most efficiently produced and the highest quality in the world."

He said the scare that there will be a tariff ripple effect which is passed on to consumers is bunk. “That excuse might be used for a price increase.”

Nalivka said trade negotiation with Mexico and Canada is good, with deals close to being finalized, and China can’t stay out.

“Non-tariff trade barriers are awful for the livestock industry and should be shut down.”

Many agriculture leaders, farmers and ranchers are supportive of the tariffs, and although aid has been marked for some producers, they agree what is needed is trade.

Ag economics professor Brad Lubben from the University of Nebraska at Lincoln is less optimistic.

“The economic analysis doesn’t support tariffs,” Lubben said. But he said existing trade agreements have drawn much criticism from producers, “So if trade is good we need more agreements,” and Trump is trying to get them. Lubben said Trump’s strategy is confrontational and aggressive, but his strategy is to ride the losses in the short run to get good trade and prices in the long run. “Of course there is an old adage that when you get to the long run everyone is dead,” Lubben said.

Lubben said although the damage from the trade war may take time to feel, “commodities will be affected across the board. Hogs missed some China trade. Pressure on total demand may cause some roll-over and substitution effects.”

Lubben said once a buyer turns to another source or switches to another commodity, it is difficult to recover that buyer. “If there’s not a direct loss then there are foregone effects,” Lubben said. “In general we see loss across the board. We don’t win back that market overnight.”

Lubben said no trade policy changes without approval of the World Trade Organization. “WTO is a time consuming process to get a country to change practices.” Lubben said imposing tariffs for unfair practices without adhering to WTO guidelines is fruitless.

“So we’re between a rock and a hard place,” Lubben said. “We hope for short-term pain, but the gains should be worth the pain.”

Lubben said the governments aid package is helpful, and the $12 million compensation package will help some, but total farm production is $350 to $400 million. For instance, money earmarked for the USDA to buy more beef may not be big enough to offset lost beef export opportunities.

Reaction from farmers and farm groups has been the same, what is they want is trade – not aid.

“While we’re grateful and commend the administration for its action to help us, what pork producers really want is to export more pork, and that means ending these trade disputes soon,” said National Pork Producers Council president Jim Heimerl.

“Farmers want predictability of export markets over aid. The announcement on a preliminary agreement with Mexico is a critical step in the right direction,” said senator Pat Roberts (R-KS), chairman of the Senate Agriculture Committee.

President Trump’s plan promises a better economy for farmers and ranchers once other countries agree to U. S. plans.

Dairymen are skeptical the government aid package will cover their loss. “The dairy-specific financial assistance package provided by USDA, centered on an estimated $127 million in direct payments, represents less than 10 percent of American dairy farmers’ losses caused by the retaliatory tariffs imposed by both Mexico and China,” said National Milk Producer Federation President Jim Mulhern.

In July, USDA has announced $4.7 billion will be distributed to corn, cotton, dairy, hog, sorghum, soybean and wheat producers now, with a total planned package of $12 billion.

On August 4, the USDA restated initial aid in its emergency plan to help farmers and ranchers impacted by retaliatory tariffs will consist of $4.7 billion in payments. The federal government said it will purchase up to $1.2 billion in commodities unfairly targeted by unjustified retaliation. A third part of the aid will consist of up to $200 million in spending to help develop foreign markets for agricultural production.

Soybean farmers will receive the most money from tariff aid. According to Ag Web, soybeans dropped 20 percent as a result of tariff scares.

“After careful analysis by our team at USDA,” Agriculture secretary Sonny Perdue told the Business Insider on Aug. 27, “we have formulated our strategy to mitigate the trade damages sustained by our farmers.” That same day, the U. S. and Mexico struck a trade deal paving the way to replace the North American Free Trade Agreement. The new deal will be called the United States Mexico Trade Agreement. President Trump has said repeatedly that NAFTA is bad for the U. S. Mexico has promised to buy as many U. S. farm products as possible.

By Sept. 4, according to the USDA information site, Agriculture Secretary Perdue had launched a trade mitigation package for producers damaged by unjustified trade retaliation from foreign governments. This one has some help for beef producers.

The Agricultural Marketing Service will administer a food purchase and distribution program to purchase up to $1.2 billion in commodities to redistribute through programs such as the Emergency Food Assistance Program and child nutrition.

Beef will be purchased through AMS each quarter for four quarters beginning Oct. 1. Since beef is already purchased for nutrition assistance programs, it is one of the commodities which will be purchased first as qualified USDA suppliers and specifications already exist for meat. By purchasing known commodities first, AMS can procure commodities that have been sourced in the past for maximum speed and impact. The target purchase amount to beef in the first quarter is $14.8 million. AMS will issue pre-solicitation notices through GovDelivery for targeted commodities, including beef.

Direct payments will be made through the Market Facilitation Program for corn, cotton, dairy, hogs, sorghum and wheat. Sign up for MFP is now open at http://www.farmers.gov/mfp. Payments will be issued on 50 percent of a producer’s total production.

“These programs will allow President Trump time to strike long-term trade deals to benefit our entire economy, including the agricultural sector, in the long run,” Perdue said. “Farmers will tell you that they would always prefer to sell a good crop at a fair price, rather than receive government aid, and that’s what long-term trade deals will accomplish. But in the meantime, President Trump has promised that he will not allow American agriculture to bear the brunt of the unjustified retaliation from foreign nations. Today, we are putting the president’s promise into action.”

Producers are riding out the storm, hoping for more trade – not aid.

Protecting U.S. herds from the African Swine Fever requires diligence

BROOKINGS, S.D. – The recent incursion and expansion of African Swine Fever (ASF) into China has raised concerns among U.S. producers and regulatory officials, said Russ Daly, Professor, SDSU Extension Veterinarian.

"It's easy to consider a pig disease on the other side of the world to be a very distant problem. However, as illustrated by the 2013 entry of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus into the U.S., global trade and movement of equipment, animal products and feed ingredients means that stable viruses can move around the world more efficiently than ever," he said.

Does African Swine Fever pose a threat to the U.S.?

African Swine Fever is not currently in the U.S., and Daly said animal health and producer groups across the industry are monitoring the ASF situation and putting preemptive measures in place should a case develop in the U.S.

However, maintaining disease-free herds also depends upon the diligence of American hog producers, Daly explained.

"It is not here yet. And, if it would enter the U.S., rapidly identifying the disease is the critical first step in preventing a single case from starting a nationwide outbreak," Daly said.

What should producers be on the lookout for?

In a large operation, Daly said a first clue would be illness in all age groups of pigs.

"The signs of illness will depend upon what strain of ASF gets to our shores. Depending on the ASF strain, the signs might resemble a nasty case of PRRS (porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome)," he explained. "The highly virulent strains represent the worst case scenario: sudden death losses, approaching 100 percent."

ASF Signs: Pigs develop fever, reddened skin in their extremities (ears, tail, lower chest and belly) and begin to huddle and pile to regulate their body temperature.

Pigs would be listless, go off feed, and begin to "thump" or breathe with difficulty. There may be some vomiting and diarrhea.

These signs could also be seen with systemic infections like salmonellosis or erysipelas.

"If the ASF strain that comes in is of lesser virulence, then the signs won't be as intense," Daly said.

He explained that pigs would develop fever, become listless, and go off their feed.

"Mortality is lower but still might hit 30-70 percent. The survivors will develop chronic infections, with weight loss, swollen joints, breathing problems and spots of skin infection – which could mimic erysipelas or forms of circovirus infection."

Since ASF could look like other, more routine diseases, Daly said diagnosis is critical. To correctly diagnose, swine producers should call their veterinarian when any unusual illnesses or death losses become apparent. If veterinarian suspects ASF, they will contact the South Dakota State Veterinarian's Office, to determine if testing is necessary.

"Any potential foreign animal disease such as this is investigated by state and federal regulatory vets, who send the appropriate samples to national labs for diagnosis," Daly explained.

How is ASF transferred?

ASF is not transferable to humans. However, among pigs the highly-contagious ASF virus mostly moves between pigs through the nose and mouth. It infects the tonsils in the back of the throat and spreads from there through the bloodstream to the whole body (explaining why signs are more general than specific to an organ system).

Since live pigs aren't imported into the U.S. from countries with infected ASF herds, if the virus were to enter the U.S., Daly said it would most likely enter a farm through contaminated feed ingredients and spread easily between hogs through direct contact.

He explained that in those countries where herds are infected with ASF, the disease spreads through contact with waste scraps of pork products fed to pigs, contact with wild pigs infected with the disease and bites from ticks.

"Modern confinement pork production and the lack of the tick vector in this part of the country minimizes the risk of these forms of spread in the U.S.," Daly said.

Challenges of ASF

ASF's ability to survive long periods outside the pig is perhaps the most challenging aspect of the disease, Daly explained. "It easily survives 30 days in pig environments, and can survive three to six months in uncooked or undercooked pork," he said. "It's especially resistant to freezing, and is not affected by many of the usual disinfectants used in pork production."

Should an outbreak occur, Daly said much attention will need to be paid to decontaminating the pig's housing and surroundings afterward.

Currently, there is no vaccine or treatment for ASF and pigs on infected farms must be destroyed, and strict movement and quarantine actions will be taken.

"Clearly, preventing the incursion of ASF is of utmost importance to U.S. pork producers," Daly said. "Should the worst case happen, though, a quick response – beginning with a call to a veterinarian – when "something doesn't look right" will be the best way to limit the potential damage.'"

–SDSU Extension

Too soon gone: Family of Dylan Fulton reflects on rodeo memories, Cap’n Crunch, more

A South Dakota family said goodbye to their son over the weekend far sooner than they ever had planned. Dylan Fulton, 20, died Sept. 12 at his fraternity house at the University of Minnesota, St. Paul campus, where he had been working toward an animal science degree.

Dylan graduated high school in Miller, South Dakota, as co-valedictorian in 2017. He is survived by his parents, Paul and Kayleen, older brother Wyatt, and younger sisters Mackayln and Jenna.

"Three years ago, on the 23rd of this month, friends of ours lost their son to meningitis," Kayleen said. "We remember going up there and thinking, how could they ever go through it? You have to. We have three other very wonderful children. We can't not live for them, and not live life and love. They are just as wonderful as our Dylan."

Dylan grew up on his family's ranch south of St. Lawrence, South Dakota, where he worked with his dad, uncle, siblings, cousins, and grandparents and cared for numerous animals, including a flock of chickens.

"He had these chickens. He was funny about it; he didn't want to be broadcasting that he had these chickens. He didn't feel it was manly," Kayleen said of her son. "He gave me, his grandmas, and Aunt Susan eggs. He was a caretaker; he loved any kind of animal."

At college, he was vice noble ruler of scholarships at Alpha Gamma Rho (AGR), an agriculture fraternity, Sheep Barn co-manager and the Gopher Dairy Barn co-junior manager at the Minnesota State Fair. As in high school, he also maintained a 4.0 GPA landing him a spot on the Dean's List both semesters of college.

"He was in almost anything in school. We did not push him to be in them, he just did it," Dylan's mom said. "He was in the play, and he was so good. He was on the high school student council. Some things he just did, and we didn't know about."

Dylan was a boisterous character, sometimes seen in costume, but always ready to pump up the crowd at games and events. In high school, Dylan was an officer in FFA both locally and in the district. He won numerous local, district, and state FFA competitions and degrees throughout high school. He and his team qualified for nationals in Farm Business Management and placed second individually at the South Dakota Convention. He was also in cross country, track, basketball, FCCLA, honor roll, national honor society, served as a class officer, and competed in 4-H and high school rodeo competing in cutting, calf-roping, team roping, and bulldogging with his dad as his hazer.

At the regional rodeo at Fort Pierre Dylan's senior year, his family was pretty confident that Dylan had broken his nose while bulldogging, but they didn't take him to the hospital right away.

"We told him that his Uncle Brian [Fulton] had broken his nose, and it was crooked," Kayleen said. "Later I took him to the ER; they X-rayed it, it looked straight, so they taped it up, and we headed back to the rodeo so he could team rope."

The next day, Paul and Kayleen left the decision up to Dylan whether he wanted to bulldog.

"He said, 'Yeah, I'm going to bulldog!' and I think he won it that day," Kayleen said. "He toughed it out and competed at the state high school finals with a broken nose and black eyes."

Dylan was a notoriously picky eater, often reaching for the box of Captain Crunch he carefully stashed in the pantry or the homemade pudding, Grandma's recipe, that he would make and then promptly hide. At college, two neighboring sororities would often find Dylan to be a guest, depending on what they were eating that night.

"He would find out what they were having, and if it was better than they were having at AGR, he would go eat with the girls," his mom said, giggling.

Prior to the loss of their second child, the Fultons had been through their share of hardships, including the loss of Paul's brother Brian, cancer treatments for Kayleen last winter, and knee surgery for the youngest daughter, Jenna, but Kayleen would take any of that over the pain in her heart now.

"This is so much worse," she said. "We talked to our kids, they're all wonderful kids, and I don't want them to ever think they're any less than Dylan. You don't love one less at all. Yeah, we're sad, but we can't dwell on it because that's not how Dylan would want us to live."

This past spring, Dylan was considering traveling abroad in England in May, however, Kayleen reminded him his sister Mackayln was graduating from high school. Dylan consulted his Uncle Neil Fulton who also encouraged him to consider going another time.

"It was his choice to wait, and I'm glad he did," Kayleen said. "That would have been that many less weeks we would have had with him."

The Fultons' last photo as a complete family was taken at Mackayln's graduation.

While Paul and Kayleen had big dreams for their son, as they do all their children, their biggest hope is that he was happy.

"He was very talented. We told him, 'Dylan, you can do anything.' We always just wanted him to be happy with whatever he chose in life," Kayleen said. "I truly believe he was happy and enjoying every minute of every day no matter what he was doing. I'm sure he had lots of stress in his life, trying to decide what to do and get everything done to his standards, but he always seemed to handle it."

The Fultons have appreciated the outpouring of love from the community, including so many at the funeral who told Paul and Kayleen that Dylan was their best friend, knowing they really were all his friends. They daily pray for the safety of their children.

"It's something you do not wish upon anyone," Kayleen said. "People have come through our doors—there are too many—who have lost a child, whether to suicide or something else. There are so many people who have that look in their eye, because they know it could happen to them."

Trump imposes more tariffs on China; heartland group critical

President Donald Trump late Monday announced that the administration will impose tariffs on Chinese goods worth $200 billion on which the United States has not imposed punitive tariffs before.

The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative released the final list of products on which tariffs will be imposed late Monday nigh, and it includes a number of food products.

China has said it will retaliate against this latest round of tariffs as the American Farm Bureau Federation and other farm and manufacturing groups said the move would hurt average American shoppers.

The new tariffs will hit a lot of consumer goods, although a senior administration spokesman told reporters Thursday afternoon that some electronic consumer products and chemical inputs for textiles and agriculture had been removed from the list.

The tariffs will be imposed at a rate of 10 percent from September 24 until late December when the rate will rise to 25 percent. Critics have said Trump has left the rate low in order not to upset consumers before the midterm elections and during the Christmas shopping season, but the senior administration official said the schedule was to give businesses time to adjust to the tariffs.

The senior official said the new tariffs were being imposed because China has not changed any of its practices since the administration posed the first round of tariffs on steel and aluminum, and in fact has retaliated with tariffs on U.S. farm products.

The new round of tariffs means that the Trump administration has slapped tariffs on almost half of Chinese exports to the United States, The New York Times reported.

Critics have suggested that the president wants a trade war and has not been clear about what the United States wants out of trade negotiations with China.

But the senior administration official said "We have been very clear with China what we want. They are just refusing to make those changes."

The administration wants "systemic changes" from China, including an end to forced technology transfer, the official said.

On the question of whether Chinese officials will visit the United States for negotiations, the official said that the U.S. and Chinese trade teams "remain in touch."

Meanwhile, Jonathan Gold, a spokesman for "Tariffs Hurt the Heartland," a campaign that grew out of Farmers for Free Trade to include other industries, said in a news release, "These tariffs are going to be paid for by the working families who drive our economy."

"Tariffs are taxes, plain and simple," Gold said. "By choosing to unilaterally raise taxes on Americans, the cost of running a farm, factory or business will grow.

"In many cases, these costs will be passed on to American families. Tariffs have already resulted in layoffs, and this escalation will continue to squeeze American businesses with higher input costs and American farmers with decreasing commodity values.

"While we agree that there are issues that need to be addressed with trading partners, we also think that taxing American families and slowing economic growth is not the solution," Gold said.

"That's why we have launched Tariffs Hurt the Heartland, a nationwide, grassroots campaign that unifies American industry in standing up for our economy, our workers and the opportunities every American family deserves.

"Together, we will ensure that Washington understands the real-life consequences of tariffs for communities across the country. Our goal is to get the administration to end the trade war and return to creating opportunity through trade for American businesses, farmers and workers."

The group will host a town hall meeting in Chicago today and has events planned in Nashville on Thursday and in Columbus, Ohio, next week.

In addition to Farm Bureau and other farm groups, the Tariffs Hurt the Heartland is supported by the National Retail Federation, the National Fisheries Institute, the Retail Industry Leaders Association, the Information Technology Industry Council, the Toy Association, the Association of Equipment Manufacturers, the Consumer Technology Association, the American Apparel and Footwear Association, the National Marine Manufacturers Association and the Juvenile Products Manufacturers Association.

Sen. Heidi Heitkamp, D-N.D., said the "dramatically escalating" trade war has left farmers without any soybean orders from China, which she said is usually the largest market for North Dakota soybeans.

"The reckless escalation of the administration's trade war is having serious consequences for rural America, which is already suffering from the uncertainty and low commodity prices caused by the disruptions to our markets," Heitkamp said.

"Many family farms are afraid they won't be able to pay the bills if this misguided trade war continues. Our ag economy, and the families whose livelihoods depend on it, cannot afford further disruption. There are smart ways to deal with China's cheating on trade – but stepping on our farmers is not one of them."

Heitkamp, who is in a tough re-election race against Rep. Kevin Cramer, R-N.D., said the trade war "is already hurting North Dakota's largest industries," and noted that the Cavalier County Republican, a rural North Dakota newspaper, recently reported that the Chinese demand for North Dakota is "not there." F

–The Hagstrom Report

PRCA standings as of Sept. 17

All-Around

1 Tuf Cooper, Decatur, Texas $207,662

2 Trevor Brazile, Decatur, Texas 181,107

3 Rhen Richard, Roosevelt, Utah 137,179

4 Ryle Smith, Oakdale, Calif. 108,588

5 Steven Dent, Mullen, Neb. 107,966

6 Curtis Cassidy, Donalda, Alberta 94,832

7 Paul David Tierney, Oklahoma City, Okla. 79,367

8 Jordan Ketscher, Squaw Valley, Calif. 71,659

9 Marcus Theriot, Poplarville, Miss. 62,796

10 Dakota Eldridge, Elko, Nev. 60,005

11 Clayton Hass, Weatherford, Texas 59,712

12 Seth Hall, Albuquerque, N.M. 55,324

13 Russell Cardoza, Terrebonne, Ore. 51,351

14 Chance Oftedahl, Pemberton, Minn. 49,216

15 Tanner Green, Cotulla, Texas 49,201

16 Cody Doescher, Oklahoma City, Okla. 47,205

17 Chant DeForest, Wheatland, Calif. 38,129

18 Eli Lord, Sturgis, S.D. 37,889

19 Trell Etbauer, Goodwell, Okla. 37,554

20 Hadley DeShazo, Ash Flat, Ark. 35,447

Bareback Riding

1 Tim O'Connell, Zwingle, Iowa $180,527

2 Caleb Bennett, Tremonton, Utah 170,005

3 Orin Larsen, Inglis, Manitoba 130,655

4 Clayton Biglow, Clements, Calif. 130,611

5 Bill Tutor, Huntsville, Texas 117,872

6 Richmond Champion, The Woodlands, Texas 113,792

7 Kaycee Feild, Spanish Fork, Utah 107,861

8 Steven Dent, Mullen, Neb. 105,982

9 Jake Brown, Cleveland, Texas 101,403

10 Mason Clements, Springville, Utah 99,536

11 Ty Breuer, Mandan, N.D. 91,256

12 Tilden Hooper, Carthage, Texas 88,634

13 Shane O'Connell, Rapid City, S.D. 78,929

14 J.R. Vezain, Cowley, Wyo. 77,711

15 Wyatt Denny, Minden, Nev. 73,641

16 Clint Laye, Cadogan, Alberta 65,914

17 Seth Hardwick, Ranchester, Wyo. 62,632

18 Tanner Aus, Granite Falls, Minn. 58,446

19 Ty Taypotat, Regina, Saskatchewan 58,324

20 Will Lowe, Canyon, Texas 57,685

Steer Wrestling

1 Curtis Cassidy, Donalda, Alberta $104,798

2 Tyler Pearson, Louisville, Miss. 97,520

3 Scott Guenthner, Provost, Alberta 91,925

4 Ty Erickson, Helena, Mont. 89,662

5 Will Lummus, West Point, Miss. 86,958

6 Hunter Cure, Holliday, Texas 83,711

7 Bridger Chambers, Stevensville, Mont. 81,178

8 Tanner Brunner, Ramona, Kan. 81,044

9 Jacob Talley, Keatchie, La. 79,964

10 Tyler Waguespack, Gonzales, La. 78,155

11 Riley Duvall, Checotah, Okla. 75,714

12 Blake Mindemann, Blanchard, Okla. 75,386

13 Blake Knowles, Heppner, Ore. 73,474

14 Kyle Irwin, Robertsdale, Ala. 73,264

15 Nick Guy, Sparta, Wis. 69,911

16 Cole Edge, Durant, Okla. 68,480

17 Tanner Milan, Cochrane, Alberta 67,601

18 Cameron Morman, Glen Ullin, N.D. 62,676

19 Billy Bugenig, Ferndale, Calif. 60,663

20 Chason Floyd, Buffalo, S.D. 59,135

Team Roping (Header)

1 Kaleb Driggers, Hoboken, Ga. $110,101

2 Clay Smith, Broken Bow, Okla. 109,190

3 Dustin Egusquiza, Mariana, Fla. 100,805

4 Clay Tryan, Billings, Mont. 96,990

5 Cody Snow, Los Olivos, Calif. 85,640

6 Chad Masters, Cedar Hill, Tenn. 85,353

7 Bubba Buckaloo, Kingston, Okla. 85,336

8 Luke Brown, Rock Hill, S.C. 81,871

9 Derrick Begay, Seba Dalkai, Ariz. 81,853

10 Riley Minor, Ellensburg, Wash. 81,554

11 Aaron Tsinigine, Tuba City, Ariz. 81,312

12 Tyler Wade, Terrell, Texas 66,914

13 Erich Rogers, Round Rock, Ariz. 66,531

14 Rhen Richard, Roosevelt, Utah 65,232

15 Lane Ivy, Dublin, Texas 61,676

16 Spencer Mitchell, Orange Cove, Calif. 61,664

17 Jeff Flenniken, Caldwell, Idaho 59,552

18 Joshua Torres, Ocala, Fla. 57,107

19 Logan Olson, Flandreau, S.D. 56,108

20 Kolton Schmidt, Barrhead, Alberta 55,572

Team Roping (Heeler)

1 Junior Nogueira, Presidente Prudente, Brazil $111,084

2 Paul Eaves, Lonedell, Mo. 109,190

3 Joseph Harrison, Overbrook, Okla. 104,526

4 Kory Koontz, Stephenville, Texas 100,805

5 Trey Yates, Pueblo, Colo. 96,284

6 Travis Graves, Jay, Okla. 93,133

7 Cory Petska, Marana, Ariz. 90,047

8 Wesley Thorp, Throckmorton, Texas 81,950

9 Jake Long, Coffeyville, Kan. 81,871

10 Brady Minor, Ellensburg, Wash. 80,361

11 Clint Summers, Lake City, Fla. 79,483

12 Chase Tryan, Helena, Mont. 67,964

13 Cole Davison, Stephenville, Texas 62,477

14 Jake Minor, Ellensburg, Wash. 59,552

15 Buddy Hawkins II, Columbus, Kan. 58,669

16 Quinn Kesler, Holden, Utah 58,221

17 Jonathan Torres, Ocala, Fla. 57,107

18 Matt Kasner, Cody, Neb. 57,038

19 Trace Porter, Leesville, La. 56,138

20 Reagan Ward, Edmond, Okla. 54,611

Saddle Bronc Riding

1 Jacobs Crawley, Boerne, Texas $159,933

2 Ryder Wright, Milford, Utah 158,318

3 Isaac Diaz, Desdemona, Texas 122,276

4 Rusty Wright, Milford, Utah 116,648

5 Zeke Thurston, Big Valley, Alberta 112,637

6 Brody Cress, Hillsdale, Wyo. 111,588

7 Clay Elliott, Nanton, Alberta 103,231

8 Wade Sundell, Boxholm, Iowa 102,983

9 Sterling Crawley, Stephenville, Texas 97,674

10 Cort Scheer, Elsmere, Neb. 94,633

11 CoBurn Bradshaw, Beaver, Utah 88,462

12 Jake Wright, Milford, Utah 81,903

13 Joey Sonnier III, New Iberia, La. 78,754

14 Taos Muncy, Corona, N.M. 74,632

15 Spencer Wright, Milford, Utah 72,162

16 Chase Brooks, Deer Lodge, Mont. 71,110

17 Allen Boore, Axtell, Utah 70,862

18 J.J. Elshere, Hereford, S.D. 68,249

19 Bradley Harter, Loranger, La. 61,989

20 Colt Gordon, Comanche, Okla. 52,456

Tie-Down Roping

1 Tuf Cooper, Decatur, Texas $129,898

2 Shane Hanchey, Sulphur, La. 126,515

3 Tyson Durfey, Weatherford, Texas 125,949

4 Ryle Smith, Oakdale, Calif. 92,082

5 Jake Pratt, Ellensburg, Wash. 91,033

6 Trevor Brazile, Decatur, Texas 89,676

7 Cooper Martin, Alma, Kan. 89,045

8 Caleb Smidt, Bellville, Texas 87,469

9 Cory Solomon, Prairie View, Texas 86,675

10 Reese Riemer, Stinnett, Texas 83,900

11 Matt Shiozawa, Chubbuck, Idaho 83,377

12 Rhen Richard, Roosevelt, Utah 79,760

13 Marty Yates, Stephenville, Texas 79,154

14 Blane Cox, Cameron, Texas 74,652

15 Ryan Jarrett, Comanche, Okla. 74,526

16 Sterling Smith, Stephenville, Texas 74,520

17 Adam Gray, Seymour, Texas 68,058

18 Tyler Milligan, Pawhuska, Okla. 65,658

19 Scott Kormos, Teague, Texas 65,031

20 Ty Harris, San Angelo, Texas 62,752

Steer Roping

1 Tuf Cooper, Decatur, Texas $85,832

2 Scott Snedecor, Fredericksburg, Texas 68,266

3 Rocky Patterson, Pratt, Kan. 62,225

4 Chris Glover, Keenesburg, Colo. 57,563

5 Trevor Brazile, Decatur, Texas 54,482

6 Vin Fisher Jr., Andrews, Texas 54,134

7 J. Tom Fisher, Andrews, Texas 45,410

8 Tony Reina, Wharton, Texas 44,717

9 Chet Herren, Pawhuska, Okla. 43,786

10 Jarrett Blessing, Paradise, Texas 43,560

11 Garrett Hale, Snyder, Texas 43,309

12 Brodie Poppino, Big Cabin, Okla. 42,978

13 Will Gasperson, Decatur, Texas 41,528

14 Cody Lee, Gatesville, Texas 40,691

15 Bryce Davis, Ovalo, Texas 39,232

16 Jim Locke, Miami, Texas 35,948

17 Roger Branch, Wellston, Okla. 35,187

18 Corey Ross, Liberty Hill, Texas 33,631

19 Shay Good, Midland, Texas 27,439

20 Jason Evans, Glen Rose, Texas 25,102

Bull Riding

1 Sage Kimzey, Strong City, Okla. $281,039

2 Parker Breding, Edgar, Mont. 179,895

3 Dustin Boquet, Bourg, La. 111,544

4 Boudreaux Campbell, Crockett, Texas 106,431

5 Roscoe Jarboe, New Plymouth, Idaho 104,624

6 Chase Dougherty, Canby, Ore. 102,729

7 Jeff Askey, Athens, Texas 101,531

8 Trey Benton III, Rock Island, Texas 95,420

9 Cole Melancon, Batson, Texas 94,764

10 Tyler Bingham, Honeyville, Utah 94,432

11 Eli Vastbinder, Athens, Texas 94,111

12 Joe Frost, Randlett, Utah 92,328

13 Trevor Kastner, Roff, Okla. 91,360

14 Koby Radley, Montpelier, La. 91,042

15 Garrett Tribble, Bristow, Okla. 90,094

16 Clayton Sellars, Fruitland Park, Fla. 89,936

17 Elliot Jacoby, Fredericksburg, Texas 89,200

18 Jordan Spears, Redding, Calif. 88,978

19 J.W. Harris, Goldthwaite, Texas 86,040

20 Riker Carter, Stone, Idaho 81,950

Barrel Racing

Barrel racing standings, provided by the Women's Professional Rodeo Association (WPRA), are unofficial, subject to audit and may change. Unofficial WPRA Standings are published by the PRCA as a courtesy. The PRCA is not responsible for the verification or updating of WPRA standings.

1 Hailey Kinsel, Cotulla, Texas $192,492

2 Nellie Miller, Cottonwood, Calif. 146,826

3 Brittany Pozzi Tonozzi, Victoria, Texas 133,807

4 Lisa Lockhart, Oelrichs, S.D. 123,516

5 Stevi Hillman, Weatherford, Texas 109,231

6 Taci Bettis, Round Top, Texas 102,975

7 Kylie Weast, Comanche, Okla. 99,917

8 Jessica Routier, Buffalo, S.D. 98,704

9 Ivy Conrado, Hudson, Colo. 96,377

10 Tammy Fischer, Ledbetter, Texas 91,277

11 Carman Pozzobon, Aldergrove, British Columbia 86,947

12 Kelly Bruner, Millsap, Texas 86,662

13 Amberleigh Moore, Salem, Ore. 85,977

14 Tracy Nowlin, Nowata, Okla. 85,494

15 Carley Richardson, Pampa, Texas 83,011

16 Jessica Telford, Caldwell, Idaho 82,859

17 Kellie Collier, Hereford, Texas 77,494

18 Teri Bangart, Olympia, Wash. 75,461

19 Jessi Fish, Franklin, Tenn. 74,939

20 Tiany Schuster, Krum, Texas 68,197

Group asks CFTC to investigate packer trades on specific dates that led to record packer margins

Billings, Mont. – On Monday, R-CALF USA asked the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) to investigate packer trading activities on specific dates spanning the past six years. The group states it identified numerous anomalies in the cattle futures market and suspects packers were making trades in the futures market to drive cash cattle prices downward.

The request includes charts for each of the years 2013-2018, depicting price relationships between cattle futures prices, cash fed cattle prices received by producers, and wholesale prices received by packers. In another chart, all the years' data were combined in a single chart.

"Our members asked us to make this request after the unexplainable drop in the futures market that occurred earlier this year. As wholesale prices were strengthening, and cash fed cattle prices were chasing them upwards, an inexplicable break in the futures market caused those prices to collapse," said R-CALF USA CEO Bill Bullard.

The group's research shows several breaks in the futures market during each of the years it analyzed. R-CALF USA calls those breaks anomalies because they occurred when cash fed prices were trending upward in response to higher wholesale beef prices.

The request states, "We request an investigation to determine if the packers, or a person or fund representing the packers' interests, were responsible for the trades that drove the futures market downward" on each of the specific dates the group identified as anomalous futures market trades.

The group speculates that the anomalous trades that occurred in 2013 and 2014, while cattle prices were rallying, were attempts to stop the price rally but were ineffective because cattle supplies were very tight and the packers were forced to compete for available supplies.

However, the group states in 2015 and beyond, when cattle supplies increased, those same anomalous trades reaped huge financial rewards for the packers because with more plentiful supplies, the packers shifted from competing against each other to cooperating with each other to drive cattle prices lower.

The group states its combination chart for all years analyzed reveals a fundamental shift in the U.S. cattle market, which now allows packers to earn windfall profits.

Bullard stated the multi-year chart reveals that after December 21, 2015, which date coincides with the end of enforcement of the U.S. country of origin labeling law for beef, wholesale beef prices shifted substantially upward and both cash and futures prices shifted substantially downward.

"In other words, after December 21, packers began capturing the largest gross margins in history while cattle producers continued receiving depressed prices for their cattle. This explains why packer margins are now well over $300 per head.

"This is alarming and clear evidence our marketplace is broken. We hope the CFTC can uncover who is to blame for our dysfunctional markets," concluded Bullard.

–R-CALF USA

Dylan Wilson Fulton: 1998-2018

Dylan Wilson Fulton, 20, of St. Lawrence, passed away Wednesday, September 12, 2018 at the University of Minnesota in St. Paul, Minnesota.

Celebration of Dylan's life will be 11:00 a.m., Saturday, September 15, 2018 at the Miller High School Armory. Burial will follow at G.A.R. Cemetery in Miller. Visitation will begin at 4:00 p.m., Friday, September 14, 2018 followed by a 5:00 p.m. prayer service, all at the Miller Community Center in Miller.

Dylan Wilson Fulton was born April 7, 1998 in Pierre, SD to Paul and Kayleen (Wyly) Fulton, joining big brother, Wyatt Paul. His sisters, Mackayln Rae and Jenna Marie completed their family. Dylan grew up on the Fulton Ranch working alongside his dad, uncle, siblings, cousins, and grandparents. He also enjoyed going to help at grandpa and grandma Wyly's ranch to work cattle with the Wyly cousins and uncles. He always made work a fun time.

He graduated co-valedictorian from Miller High School in May, 2017 and was a blood donor in honor of his cousins. He had a 4.0 GPA and then went on to further his education at the University of Minnesota to study animal science. He was so excited and he was so ready. He made the decision two weeks before leaving home to join Alpha Gamma Rho, an ag fraternity and held the office of Vice Noble Ruler of Scholarships. He also was the Gopher Dairy Barn Assistant Manager at the Minnesota State Fair, and just became the Sheep Barn Manager at the U of MN; beginning his work in the sheep barn during his second semester of college. It was a great fit for him. He loved it all as well as his AGR brothers. He immediately became involved which gave him leadership opportunities. At the U of MN, he was on the Dean's List both semesters with a 4.0 GPA.

In junior high and high school, he was involved in 4-H rodeo, FFA, school plays, cross country, track, basketball, S.D. High School Rodeo, co-director of the spring play, FCCLA, honor roll, class officer, and National Honor Society. Dylan required very little sleep so when he was younger, he spent countless hours late into the night reading. He was often compared to his uncle, Neil Fulton, and great uncle, James Wyly; who are both lawyers.

In FFA, he was an officer. He and his team qualified for Nationals in Farm Business Management, where he placed 1st individually at the state convention. At sporting events, he would often get in front of the crowd and motivate them to support the Miller Rustlers.

He loved spending time with any animals. During high school he had a flock of chickens and kept his mom and sometimes grandmas and aunt Susan stocked in eggs. Dylan was a hardworking, responsible, peacemaking, animal loving, family orientated, fun-loving, witty goofball! He had an infectious personality. You were either his friend or his frenemy.

Blessed to have shared in his life are his parents, Paul and Kayleen Fulton; siblings: Wyatt, Mackayln, and Jenna Fulton; paternal grandparents, Tex and Annie Fulton; maternal grandparents; Mack and Karen Wyly; aunts and uncles, 21 cousins; a host of extended family and friends.

He was preceded in death by his great grandparents, Art and Mary Cowan, Harley and Pearl Fulton, Wilson and Iva Wyly and Cliff and Eunice Small; and uncle, Brian Fulton.

Reck Funeral Home of Miller has been entrusted with Dylan's arrangements.

In lieu of flowers, the family will establish a memorial in Dylan's honor.

NILE 2018

Read these stories, and browse the horse sale catalog in the digital file below.

  • Cover artist: David Graham
  • Schedule of Events
  • NILE Board
  • Message from Randy Vogele, NILE president
  • Message from Jennifer C. Boka, NILE general manager
  • NILE Volunteers of the Year: Linda McCormick and Kat Pfau
  • Stock Dog Trial
  • Radiant Rodeo
  • Versatility Ranch Horse Competition
  • Wyoming Night Out
  • Grandfathered In: Clint Casterline’s Horses
  • Merit Heifer Profile: Mckenzie Mork
  • Merit Heifer Program: 2018 Recipients and Donors
  • Gold Buckle Select Horse Futurities
  • Raffle Filly
  • 2018 Horse Sale Catalog/Information
  • Weanling & Yearling Consignments
  • Performance Horse Consignments
  • 2018 Gold Buckle Futurity Rules and Entry Form
  • Cattle Barn Map
  • Expo Center Map
  • NILE Market Map
  • Vendor Index
  • Advertiser Index

Under scrutiny: Wild horse sterilization plan for Oregon goes forward, with opposition

The Bureau of Land management will move forward with a mare sterilization plan for horses in Oregon.

The comment period for BLM's plan was extended to Sept. 2, in the hopes that more original comments would come in.

"As we predicted, extremist groups flooded the BLM with comments in opposition of the study and 10-year management plan, mostly in the form of auto-generated comments. There were over 8,000 identical comments submitted from activists," Protect the Harvest writes on its website. "These groups have a long track record of stopping the BLM from being able to make practical and logical steps to properly manage the horse populations and rangelands."

On Aug. 8, CSU's Vice President for Research, Dr. Alan Rudolph, released an email statement saying, "After careful consideration of multiple factors during the 30-day public comment period for the Warm Springs, OR, mare spay project, Colorado State University is withdrawing our partnership on the surgical spaying of mares."

He added that the decision to withdraw was made with the support of the involved researchers.

"As a state university, we have investigated alternative population and birth control measures for wild animals for more than 25 years and remain committed to continuing to explore solutions to an unmet need," he said.

According to the group, BLM plans are slightly revised but will take a step forward.

The study will evaluate safety, complication rate, feasibility, and impacts. In conjunction with the study, the Burns District – BLM proposes a 10-year population management plan for the Warm Springs HMA. http://protecttheharvest.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/CoverLetter_SpayEA_AdditionalComment_signed.pdf

Activists groups have dubbed the plan barbaric and praised CSU for backing out.

"CSU is a highly respected university with a top-notch veterinary program. The BLM somehow got the University to agree to participate in this ill-advised plan to study the efficacy, applicability and complication rate of spaying wild mares. The decision makers at the university must not have done their due diligence. If they had, they would have seen the horror behind the procedure, known as ovariectomy via colpotomy. This blind procedure, with the veterinarian's arm up the mare's vaginal cavity, rips out the ovaries by twisting, severing and pulling with a metal rod and chain called an ecraseur. It is considered so risky and dangerous to the animals involved, that it is not recommended for even tame domestic mares," In Defense of Animals wrote in a press release.

But veterinarians and horse enthusiasts argue differently.

Twelve selected spayed fillies were offered for sale at the 2017 Reno Snaffle Bit Futurity. By the time of the sale, all of the fillies were spayed, vaccinated and handled for 30 days. These fillies were also invited back to the 2018 Reno Snaffle Bit Futurity to compete in their own division for a $25 K purse.

"The goal of the Wild Spayed Filly Futurity is to showcase the significance and abilities of these resilient, tough and beautiful horses," Protect the Harvest writes. "It will also demonstrate their trainability and hopefully encourage more people to consider a horse from our American rangelands. A second and very important goal of the program is to help find economical, safe solutions in controlling the numbers of horses on American rangelands which will allow people to appreciate them in a healthy, balanced environment in the wild."

Protect the Harvest, an advocate of multiple use on Federal Lands, believes this method to not only be the safest, but also the most cost effective. According to researchers, the cost of each 15-minute surgery is about $300, less than one dose of injectable birth control vaccine involved in previous management studies.

As the management battle continues, congressmen continue to put in their two-cents.

Last year, the National Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board raised the ire of Congressman Vern Buchanan (R-Florida), with discussion of euthanizing or selling, without conditions, up to 45,000 wild horses.

"It is disgraceful that the Board, whose purpose is to provide sound advice on the management of wild horses, would even consider euthanizing these horses as a plausible management technique," Buchanan's wrote in a letter to BLM officials.

His stand on the topic has gained the attention of the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), who recently honored him as a "legislative leader" for his "support for outlawing horse slaughter, banning cosmetics testing on animals and protecting endangered species."

As of print date, BLM's plans are to continue. In a statement, BLM announced they intend to:

… use the same surgical protocol originally approved by the CSU IACUC. BLM-contracted veterinarians would be required to have experience performing ovariectomy via colpotomy and standing sedation on at least 100 ungentled, wild horse mares. The BLM and contracted veterinarians would monitor the mares during and after surgery to provide data for the three specific aims related to the surgical portion of the project (described above). Because the procedure would still be carried out by experienced contract veterinarians, and the surgical protocol is unchanged, the departure of CSU's team does not affect the procedure's anticipated outcomes.

Despite much-needed management, plans for a mare sterilization study in the Warm Springs Herd Management Area near Burns, Oregon has struggled to make it off paper and into the fields. In 2016, 21 research projects planned to manage populations levels were shut down by activists.

Recent plans to revive similar studies included Colorado State University and mare sterilization; however, in spite of the study being supported by the American Association of Equine Practitioners (representing 9,300 equine veterinarians), CSU decided to withdraw from the program due in large part to pressure exerted by Wild Horse activist groups. In the 2016 planned study, Oregon State University took the same path, backing down to activist pressure.

"The Bureau of Land Management – Burns District, in conjunction the United States Geological Survey have updated the proposed research project regarding the feasibility of the spay procedure (standing surgical spay – ovariectomy via culpotomy) with horses from the Warm Springs HMA in Oregon. This is the same spay procedure that was performed on the fillies in our Wild Spayed Filly Futurity program," the group shared.

"…The BLM must continue to pursue management actions to move toward achieving and maintaining the established appropriate management level (AML) on Warm Springs HMA and reduce the wild horse population growth rate in order to restore and maintain a thriving natural ecological balance and multiple-use relationship on public lands. USGS has updated their proposal to include only the behavioral research portion of the original proposal. Their study would take place on mares spayed by BLM as a management action," BLM shared in a statement.

Wild horses and burros have no natural predators, and current adoption rates are decreasing steadily each year, according to BLM statistics. With the dropping rates and minimal to no interventions, the herd population continues to grow. As of May 22, 2018, the BLM estimated public rangelands were home to nearly 82,000 wild horses and burros in 10 Western states – the largest population estimate since the 1971 Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act was passed – and more than three times the number the 26.9 million acres of public rangeland the habitat can sustainably support in conjunction with other authorized land uses. At the same time, the BLM continues to care for approximately 45,000 unadopted and unsold excess animals in its off-range corrals and pastures, costing taxpayers $50 million annually – nearly two-thirds of the Wild Horse and Burro Program annual budget. BLM adopted out only 4,099 animals in 2017. According to BLM, the rate of adoptions has stayed around that number since 1996, but the number of wild horses and burros on ranges has doubled since 2012.