Corn and hay stocks up, soybean and wheat stocks down from 2006
South Dakota’s Dec. 1, 2007, corn, oat, sorghum, and hay stocks are up from last year, according to the South Dakota field office of the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Soybean, all wheat, and barley stocks are down from last year. Grain stocks include grain on farms, grain in mills and elevators, grain in government storage bins, and grain stored under the farmer-owned Grain Reserve Program in South Dakota on Dec. 1, 2007.
Corn stocks in South Dakota totaled 441.5 million bushels, up 35 percent from last year’s total of 326.1 million bushels. This represents a record corn stocks level for South Dakota. On-farm stocks accounted for 320 million bushels, up 42 percent from last year. Off-farm stocks, at 121.5 million bushels, are up 20 percent from 2006.
Soybean stocks totaled 99.2 million bushels, down 16 percent from last year. On-farm stocks totaled 56 million bushels, down 25 percent from last year. Off-farm stocks, at 43.2 million bushels, are up only 36,000 bushels from last year.
All wheat stocks totaled 51.6 million bushels, down six percent from last year. On-farm stocks decreased 11 percent from last year, to 25 million bushels. Off-farm stocks, at 26.6 million bushels, are down one percent from last year’s 26.9 million bushels.
Oat stocks, at 6.3 million bushels, are up 12 percent from last year. On-farm stocks totaled 4.9 million bushels, up four percent from last year. Off-farm stocks totaled 1.4 million bushels, up 47 percent from 2006. Barley on-farm stocks totaled 750 thousand bushels, up seven percent from 2006.
Sorghum off-farm stocks, at 1.6 million bushels, are up 48 percent from last year’s 1.1 million bushels.
Hay stocks in South Dakota on Dec. 1, 2007 totaled 7.8 million tons, up 53 percent from last year’s total of 5.1 million tons. Stocks increased due to higher production in 2007.
Grain storage capacity in South Dakota totaled 828 million bushels on Dec. 1, 2007, up four percent from last year. Total grain storage capacity comprises 600 million bushels on-farm and 228 million bushels off-farm. Off-farm storage capacity increased nine percent from last year, while on-farm storage capacity’s increase was three percent. There were 242 facilities with off-farm storage capacity on Dec. 1, 2007, down five from a year ago.
Final 2007 soybean production was up from the November forecast while the corn production estimate decreased slightly from the November forecast but is still a record, according to the yearend estimates compiled and released by the South Dakota Office of USDA’s NASS. Corn for grain production totaled a record 544.5 million bushels in South Dakota, down two percent from the November forecast but up 74 percent from 2006.
This compares to the previous record of 540 million bushels in 2004. Yield, at 121 bushels per acre, is down four bushels from November but up 24 bushels from last year.
Producers harvested 4.5 million acres of grain for 2007, up 40 percent from 2006.
Soybean production in 2007 totaled 133.56 million bushels in South Dakota, up six percent from the November forecast and up two percent from last year’s production. The average yield was 42 bushels per acre, up eight bushels from last year. The yield is a record high.
Harvested acres, at 3.18 million, were down 17 percent from 2006. Planted acres were down 19 percent from 2006, at 3.2 million.
All hay production is estimated at 7.54 million tons, up 80 percent from 2006. The average yield at 1.99 tons per acre is up 0.64 tons from 2006. Acres harvested were up 700,000 from 2006 to 3.8 million.
Alfalfa hay production, at 5.06 million tons, was up 76 percent from 2006. Alfalfa hay had an average yield of 2.25 tons per acre, compared to 1.6 tons per acre in 2006. Harvested acres were up 450,000 from last year, to 2.25 million.
All other hay production totaled 2.48 million tons, up 91 percent from last year, and had an average yield of 1.6 ton per acre. Harvested acres, at 1.55 million, were up 250,000 acres from last year.
New seedings of alfalfa in 2007 totaled 150,000 acres in South Dakota, down 21 percent from 2006. Newly seeded acres are normally harvested for dry hay for the first time the following year.
Sorghum for grain production in 2007 totaled 8.06 million bushels, up seven percent from the November forecast and up 180 percent from 2006. Average yield, at 62 bushels per acre, was 26 bushels above last year. Harvested acres, at 130,000, were up 63 percent from 2006. Planted acres, at 210,000, were down five percent from last year.
All sunflower production in 2007 totaled 640.84 million pounds, up 46 percent from last year. Average yield, at 1,567 pounds per acre, was 590 pounds higher than last year. Planted and harvested acres totaled 415,000 and 409,000, respectively.
Oil sunflower production, at 606.84 million pounds, represented 95 percent of the total.
Oil sunflowers had a yield of 1,560 pounds per acre, with 389,000 acres harvested. Non-oil sunflower production totaled 34 million pounds and had a yield of 1,700 pounds per acre from 20,000 acres harvested.
Proso millet grain production in 2007 totaled 3.88 million bushels, up 60 percent from 2006. The average yield of 31 bushels per acre was up nine bushels from a year earlier. Harvested acres, at 125,000, were up 14 percent from 2006, while acres planted, at 155,000, were unchanged from 2006.
Total forage production from alfalfa and other hay acres was 7.69 million tons in 2007. Dry hay production in South Dakota of 7.54 million tons represents 98 percent of the total forage produced. Two percent (or .14 million ton) was haylage and greenchop.
Winter wheat seedings for the 2008 crop totaled 1.9 million acres, down 200,000 acres (10 percent) from last year’s record amount. This amount ties the 1986 total for the fourth largest amount of winter wheat acres ever planted in South Dakota, behind last year’s record of 2.1 million acres and below 1996 and 1984 with 2.0 million each. Over the last 10 years South Dakota has averaged 1.56 million acres of winter wheat seedings.