Family budgets need to be scrutinized
October 31, 2014
Most farm families are totally focused on their harvest progress this time of the year and getting fieldwork done before the ground freezes. Spending time inside working on the books can be a challenge but as the daylight hours start to shrink, I find it a little easier to set aside some extra time for crunching numbers.
Tracking farm income and expenses on a monthly basis has become even more important as farm operations typically deal with a large volume of dollars. According to the database of farms enrolled in our program, the average operation handled close to $2,000,000 in 2013 which is almost double the volume in 2007. Very few farms have a full-time bookkeeper but yet the bills do get paid and books get "squared-up" regularly. We, as instructors, work closely with our farmers to improve their recordkeeping system and develop comprehensive financial management for their operations.
In addition to focusing on farm income, expenses, and capital purchases; we also stress the importance of monitoring family withdrawals or living expenses taken from farm operations. Much like the trend in overall volume of farm income and expense, family living costs have almost doubled since 2007. Back then, the average farm family spent $48,000 but that amount has grown to $87,000 in 2013. Healthcare and food/groceries accounted for 35 percent of family expenses in 2007 and represent the same percentage in 2013. Many producers experienced a rather large reduction in farm income in 2013 and it is quite possible that 2014 will not be much better. In fact, it could be worse for those operations that are not diversified with livestock given the rather dramatic drop in grain prices since early summer.
Farm families have proven that they are quite adept at adjusting to fluctuating incomes; however, just a 10 percent reduction in living costs from 2013 would be $8,700 or $725/month. That number might prove to be difficult as certain expenses such as healthcare and life insurance are tough to scale back. For those families that have off-farm income, the adjustment might be less painful but it is important to realize that when farm profits diminish, so must other expenses.
If your family has not adopted a personal budget, now would be an excellent time to implement one. For those families enrolled in our program, it will be important to scrutinize which spending categories need to be trimmed. In either case, it will take discipline to stick with a tighter budget during this downturn in farm profitability.
If you are interested in learning more about the services we provide at South Dakota Center Farm/Ranch Management, please contact me at either 1-605-299-6760 or Kathy.Meland@mitchell tech.edu.