FSA programs explained: Crop reporting revisited
Have you scheduled your appointment with the Farm Service Agency to complete your annual crop report? If you have not yet scheduled your appointment, I would recommend contacting your local Farm Service Agency Service Center. If you wait until the reporting deadline, you might have to wait because it seems that most people like to wait until the deadline to accomplish their reporting. If you have completed planting your crops for the year or do not intend to plant a crop, please complete your crop report early to reduce the congestion in July.
If you are not sure if you need to complete a crop report with the Farm Service Agency ask yourself the following questions:
• Do I plan to take advantage of the FSA’s Marketing Assistance Loan (MAL) on my grain or accept a Loan Deficiency Payment (LDP) for my commodity (wool and/or grain)?
• Do I currently have active Direct and Countercyclical Program (DCP) contract?
• Do I currently have a Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) contract?
• Do I have any of my crops (including crops for grazing) covered under the Noninsurable Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP)?
• Do I want to be eligible for disaster assistance programs such as the Supplemental Revenue Assistance Program (SURE), Livestock Forage Disaster Assistance Program (LFP) or the Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honeybees and Farm-Raised Fish Program (ELAP)?
If you answered “Yes” to any of the questions above, you should complete your FSA-578 (crop report) with the Farm Service Agency. If you answered “No” to all of the questions, it is still not a bad idea to complete a crop report. Programs may be introduced in the future and your crop report may establish your eligibility for that program.
If you have determined that you need to complete a crop report this year, but have not completed planting your crops, that is OK. You should complete your crop report as soon as practical, but not later than the crop reporting deadline. In South Dakota, the crop reporting deadline is July 15. If you fail to contact the Farm Service Agency before the crop reporting deadline, you will be required to pay for a measurement service fee and prove the existence of the crop being reported.
Crops that were intended to be planted, but were instead prevented due to weather, should be reported as prevented plant on your crop report. Producers should be aware of the final planting date for each crop they intend to plant and report prevented planting claims with the Farm Service Agency within 15 days of the final plant date.
Crops planted and then failed due to adverse weather and subsequently replanted should be reported on your crop report. Producers should report both the initial failed crop and the subsequent planted crop.
When reporting your crops, please ensure that you are accurately reporting the correct intended use of your crops. Crops intended for hay as opposed to grain can be the difference between whether or not a crop is insurable or not insurable. Crops intended for hay as opposed to grazing can mean the difference between being eligible for disaster assistance programs. Certain disaster assistance programs require producers to report all crops, including crops intended for grazing, in order to be eligible for assistance. Furthermore, some disaster assistance programs require producers to insure all crops in all counties for which they have an interest. If you have questions about how insuring your crops affect your eligibility for certain farm programs, ask your questions when you stop by the office to complete your crop report.
james neill is the county executive director for the farm service agency in meade county, sd and can be contacted at email@example.com. questions about the crop reporting or any other farm service agency program should be directed to your local farm service agency service center.
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