Livestock marketers gather in Pierre
for Tri-State Livestock News
Auction market business discussion
The South Dakota Livestock Auction Markets Association heard speakers, elected officers and discussed business at their annual convention on May 26-27, 2013 in Pierre, SD.
According to their Executive Director, Jerry Vogeler, the group re-elected most of their officers for a second term. Following are the board members, officers and beef council representative:
-President: Brad Klostergaard, Sioux Falls Regional Livestock
-Vice President: Brad Otte, Martin Livestock Auction
-Secretary/Treasurer: Thor Roseth, Philip Livestock Auction and Belle Fourche Livestock Exchange
-Board member: Brian Hanson, Fort Pierre Livestock Auction
-Board member: Cody Volmer, Presho Livestock Auction and Miller Livestock
-S.D. Beef Industry Council Representative: Wayne Tupper, Kimball Livestock Exchange
SDLAMA Vice President Brad Otte said that the state recently relaxed new rules regarding identification of cull cows.
“A couple of weeks ago the state vet’s office met with the auction barns across the state to discuss implementation of a new rule,” said Otte. He explained that the state had asked each barn to identify cull cows destined for slaughter that remained on their premises more than three days following the sale. “Sometimes the plant doesn’t send a truck right away if they don’t have a full load to pick up,” he said, adding that those cows essentially waiting at the salebarn for the truck for over three days were required to be re-identified.
But the state has since relaxed those requirements and is now allowing the backtag which is applied prior to sale, to serve as sufficient identification for those cows.
Dr. Dustin Oedekoven of the South Dakota Animal Industry Board spoke to livestock auction owners Saturday April 27, 2013, at their annual convention in Pierre, SD. The topics covered in his presentation were disease surveillance, animal welfare, and USDA animal traceability.
There are 35 licensed auction markets operating this year in South Dakota.
The auction markets continue to provide a valuable service to the livestock industry by providing an open and competitive market for live domestic stock.
Veterinary inspection continues to be carried out at all markets with the inspecting veterinarian seeing that Animal Industry Board regulations are being enforced. This is important to ensure the livestock being sold are healthy. This benefits the livestock industry and the marketing of livestock at auctions in South Dakota by ensuring the ability to timely ship livestock from markets to other states.
The Animal Industry Board is specifically charged with protecting the health of the animal industry of South Dakota under SDCL 40-3. Every aspect of our activities in regulatory operations takes into account this responsibility. Certain diseases, such as brucellosis, tuberculosis, pseudorabies, hog cholera, etc, have control and eradication programs. Other diseases are monitored for threats to the various industries. Requirements for inspections, identification, facilities, licensing, testing programs, and others constantly weigh the risk that a threat may present versus the benefits of regulations to the industries.
Dr. Oedekoven discussed new legislation HB 1058 known as the “Clean Up Bill.” The legislation repealed 10,000 lines of redundant legal language making it easier to follow and understand the livestock regulations. It removed disease-specific control laws related to Bovine TB, VE, Brucellosis, Pseudorabies and hog cholera in swine because these diseases have either been eradicated or are in control, and have been replaced with Animal Industry Board regulations.
Language and wording requiring “license plate of any motor vehicle delivering livestock” was also removed.
Also discussed was SD 171, known as the Animal Cruelty Bill, which would make aggravated cruelty to a dog, cat, or horse a felony as opposed to a misdemeanor. This measure failed because its language was redundant with South Dakota’s current law, but the Animal Industry Board plans to continue this discussion with producers and lawmakers this summer. As of now all livestock abuse and neglect complaints are reported to and investigated by the Animal Industry Board. Small animal cases are dealt with by locally either with the Sheriff or local humane officers that are judicially authorized.
Dr Oedekoven explained that if South Dakota became the only state that did not have felony penalties for abuse, it would become a target. “If we don’t initiate some legislation now, it will eventually become a ballot initiative,” explained Oedekoven, “your actions as producers and livestock handlers are very public with everyone having a smart phone. Someone can take a picture of a seemingly normal action that will get misconstrued as it hits social media.”
Also presented were the changes to Brucellosis surveillance. All states are now free of Brucellosis in domestic cattle herds. Buffalo and Elk in the Greater Yellowstone Area remain a reservoir of infection and present risk to the cattle industry. The strains affecting cattle that wander into these areas are all Elk strains of the disease. Because brucellosis controls vary from state to state all breeding cattle and bison, and females 18 months of age coming from Idaho must be tested 30 days prior to being moved into South Dakota.
Regarding Trichomoniasis the Animal Industry Board was happy to report that the South Dakota Open Cow Rule was working well, there were 45 cases of Trich found in 2005 and only 1 case found in 2012.
A new disease was discussed, called EHD or Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease. More than 40 cattle herds in southeastern South Dakota have been reported to the state veterinarian with signs of illness, including fever, ulcers in the mouth and gums, excessive salivation, and lameness. The state’s deer population is currently experiencing an epidemic. EHD is common in whitetail and other deer, and the high number of affected deer may be related to the recent appearance of the disease in cattle. EHD is a virus that is spread by biting midges. Death loss is uncommon in affected cattle herds, but insect control is advised as a preventative measure in reducing the risk of infection in cattle. The EHD virus is not known to infect people. Farmers and ranchers who notice signs of illness in cattle are urged to immediately contact a veterinarian.
Rabies was also discussed. While it is not that common in livestock, there were 60 cases of rabies last year in both wild and domestic animals. Thirteen cows and 3 horses were affected. The skunk population continues to have the highest number of cases and it is recommended that horses and show stock that are handled and travel frequently get vaccinated, especially those that are handled daily by children.
The new USDA Traceability Rule that has been in development for 10 years went into effect March 3, 2013. It establishes national standards for official identification and documentation for interstate movements of cattle, sheep, goats, swine, horses, poultry, and captive cervids. After a decade of discussion on the needs of the livestock industry for improved traceability, USDA APHIS has finalized rules establishing new federal requirements are similar to South Dakota’s import health requirements, and continue to recognize long standing identification tools and systems that have been successful in familiar disease control programs. Administration will be handled by the state’s Animal Industry Board. Some changes from the proposed 2011 rule would allow brands, tattoos and registrations from breed registries to be acceptable. It also includes the use of backtags for cattle going directly to slaughter. Covered livestock will be required to be officially inspected and have a certificate of veterinary inspection.
All new information regarding diseases, new regulations, and news can be found on the state veterinarian’s website, aib.sd.gov.
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