USDA survey show corn acres planted this growing season down
According to a recent survey conducted by the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service actual corn acres planted in 2014 are down, while soybean acres planted are up.
“South Dakota’s 2014 production of corn and soybeans is projected to be 18 million bushels less than the 2013 actual production. The decrease is a combination of corn down 31 million bushels and soybeans up 13 million bushels. Structurally, the 2014 projected production will not add to basis pressure,” said Jack Davis, SDSU Extension Crops Business Management Field Specialist.
Farmers in South Dakota planted 5.9 million acres of corn and 4.95 million acres of soybeans in 2014. Actual corn acres are down 5 percent from 2013; while actual soybean acres planted are up 7.6 percent from last year’s actual planted acres.
Actual planted acres were reported in USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service Acreage Report.
“Production and production per acre are based on harvested acres because not all planted acres will be harvested for grain, some will be cut for forage and/or abandoned,” Davis said.
To arrive at production estimates, each crop’s actual planted acres are adjusted to harvested historical average to arrive at the production potential for 2014.
The 2014 South Dakota corn production potential is 781 million bushels which is down 31 million bushels from the 2013 actual production of 812 million bushels (Figure 1).
“If realized, the 781 million bushel crop would be the second largest behind the 2013 crop and 74 million bushels greater than the 2009 crop,” Davis said.
The 2014 production potential is calculated using the actual planted acres as adjusted to harvested acres multiplied by Crop Condition Index (CCI) model yield (Figure 2). The 2014 CCI model yield estimate is 142 bushels per acre as of mid-June, slightly above the 2013 statewide actual yield of 138 bushels per acre.
The 2014 South Dakota soybean production is projected to be 196 million bushels (Figure 3) based on actual planted acres of 4.9 million acres and a CCI model yield estimate of 40 bushels per acre (Figure 4). Soybean actual planted acres are up 350,000 acres from the 2013 actual planted 4.6 million acres. Total soybean production in South Dakota is projected to be up 13 million bushels from the 2013 production of 183 million bushels.
The Acreage report provides the acreage planted and what may be possible for new crop production. “Weather will be key to determine the final harvested acres and yield,” Davis said.