| TSLN.com

UPDATED DAILY: 2022 Wrangler NFR Round Results and Averages

2022 World All-Around Standings: 1. Stetson Wright; $758,828.78, Milford, UT; 2. Caleb Smidt; $372,964.69, Bellville, TX; 3. Josh Frost; $307,700.96, Randlett, UT; 4. Zack Jongbloed; $235,260.99, Iowa, LA; 5. Marty Yates; $225,732.42, Stephenville, TX; 6. Haven Meged; $214,305.62, Miles City, MT; 7. Coleman Proctor; $212,521.30, Pryor, OK; 8. Rhen Richard; $181,702.95•Roosevelt, UT; 9. Taylor Santos; $159,179.29, Creston, CA; 10. Paul David Tierney; $118,791.57, Oklahoma City, OK

RAM Top Gun Standings: 1. Zeke Thurston, $256,077.6, Saddle Bronc Riding; 2; Stetson Wright; $237,812.24, Bull Riding; 3. Jess Pope; $231,361.07, Bareback Riding; 4. Caleb Smidt, $225,220.79, Tie-down Roping; 5. Logan Hay, $199,960.11, Saddle Bronc Riding; 6. Patrick Smith; $199,726.99, Team Roping (Heelers); 7. Tanner Tomlinson; $199,726.99, Team Roping (Headers); 8.  Lefty Holman; $191,410.28, Saddle Bronc Riding; 9.  Kaycee Feild; $185,347.77, Bareback Riding; 10. Tristen Hutchings; $183,482.33, Bull Riding;


Bareback Riding

2022 WORLD CHAMPION: Jess Pope

ROUND 10 WINNER: Kaycee Feild

BAREBACK RIDING LEADERS AS OF ROUND 10

  • Average: 1 Jess Pope 860.0/10; 2 Cole Franks 852.0/10; 3 Kaycee Feild 851.0/10; 4 R.C. Landingham 846.0/10; 5 Leighton Berry 839.0/10; 6 Tim O’Connell 838.5/10; 7 Cole Reiner 829.5/10; 8 Ty Breuer 812.0/10; 9 Caleb Bennett 807.5/10; 10 Garrett Shadbolt 806.5/10; 11 Tilden Hooper 761.0/9; 12 Rocker Steiner 754.5/9; 13 Tanner Aus 738.5/9; 14 Clayton Biglow 679.0/8; 15 Orin Larsen 217.5/3;
  • World Standings: 1. Jess Pope, $390,620.11, Waverly, KS, 2. Kaycee Feild, $316,490.32, Genola, UT, 3. Leighton Berry, $267,273.99, Weatherford, TX, 4. Cole Franks, $263,377.99, Clarendon, TX, 5. R.C. Landingham, $246,696.05, Hat Creek, CA, 6. Tim O’Connell, $234,231.73, Zwingle, IA, 7. Cole Reiner, $228,020.71, Buffalo, WY, 8. Tanner Aus, $206,851.37, Granite Falls, MN, 9. Tilden Hooper, $188,477.28, Carthage, TX, 10. Rocker Steiner, $185,366.74, Weatherford, TX

Steer Wrestling

2022 WORLD CHAMPION: Tyler Waguespack

ROUND 10 WINNER: Jesse Brown

STEER WRESTLING LEADERS AS OF ROUND 10

  • Average: 1 Kyle Irwin 42.10/9; 2 Jesse Brown 44.70/9; 3 Will Lummus 47.00/9; 4 Tyler Waguespack 53.10/9; 5 Stetson Jorgensen 55.70/9; 6 Tanner Brunner 65.30/9; 7 Hunter Cure 35.60/8; 8 Rowdy Parrott 36.30/8; 9 J.D. Struxness 37.40/8; 10 Dakota Eldridge 37.60/8; 11 Dirk Tavenner 49.50/8; 12 Timmy Sparing 49.90/8; 13 Ty Erickson 57.10/8; 14 Tristan Martin 30.40/7; 15 Nick Guy 42.60/7
  • World Standings: 1. Tyler Waguespack, $268,881.34, Gonzales, LA, 2. Will Lummus, $266,188.44, Byhalia, MS, 3. Kyle Irwin, $249,891.70, Robertsdale, AL, 4. Hunter Cure, $247,309.24, Holliday, TX, 5. Jesse Brown, $241,151.93, Baker City, OR, 6. Stetson Jorgensen, $235,287.94, Blackfoot, ID, 7. J.D. Struxness, $197,227.71, Milan, MN, 8. Ty Erickson, $192, 400.30, Helena, MT, 9. Tanner Brunner, $174,746.36, Ramona, KS, 10. Tristan Martin, $170, 981.07, Sulphur, LA

Team Roping

2022 WORLD CHAMPION HEADER: Kaleb Driggers

2022 WORLD CHAMPION HEELER: Junior Nogueira

ROUND 10 WINNERS: Rhen Richard / Jeremy Buhler

TEAM ROPING LEADERS AS OF ROUND 10

  • Average: 1 Tanner Tomlinson/Patrick Smith 53.00/10; 2 Kaleb Driggers/Junior Nogueira 71.40/9; 3 Riley Minor/Brady Minor 73.60/9; 4 Andrew Ward/Buddy Hawkins 43.20/8; 5 Jr. Dees/Levi Lord 50.20/8; 6 Dustin Egusquiza/Travis Graves 56.20/8; 7 Clay Tryan/Jade Corkill 38.40/7; 8 Coleman Proctor/Logan Medlin 39.10/7; 9 Jake Orman/Brye Crites 45.50/7; 10 Tyler Wade/Trey Yates 30.30/6; 11 Cody Snow/Wesley Thorp 32.20/6; 12 Lightning Aguilera/Jonathan Torres 40.80/6; 13 Chad Masters/Joseph Harrison 44.90/6; 14 Rhen Richard/Jeremy Buhler 21.70/4; 15 Clay Smith/Jake Long 50.60/4
  • World Standings – Heading: 1. Kaleb Driggers, $340,708.23, Hoboken, GA, 2. Tanner Tomlinson, $307,095.20, Angleton, TX, 3. Clay Tryan, $264,954.96, Billings, MT, 4. Andrew Ward, $226,722.88, Edmond, OK, 5. Jr. Dees, $209,730.32, Aurora, SD, 6. Coleman Proctor, $207,354.76, Pryor, OK, 7. Dustin Egusquiza, $201,830.92, Marianna, FL, 8. Tyler Wade, $196,868.58, Terrell, TX, 9. Rhen Richard, $178,454.15, Roosevelt, UT, 10. Chad Masters, $169,183.99, Cedar Hill, TN
  • World Standings – Heeling: 1. Junior Nogueira, $340,708.23, Presidente Prudente, SP, 2. Patrick Smith, $307,095.20, Lipan, TX, 3. Jade Corkill, $231,147.06, Fallon, NV, 4. Buddy Hawkins, $225,180.58, Stephenville, TX, 5. Levi Lord, $211,128.35, Sturgis, SD,  6. Logan Medlin, $207,354.76, Tatum, NM, 7. Travis Graves, $202,545.32, Jay, OK, 8. Trey Yates, $193,306.33, Pueblo, CO, 9. Jeremy Buhler, $179,389.57, Arrowwood, AB,10. Joseph Harrison, $173,855.31, Marietta, OK

Saddle Bronc Riding

2022 WORLD CHAMPION: Zeke Thurston

ROUND 10 WINNER: Kolby Wanchuk

SADDLE BRONC RIDING LEADERS AS OF ROUND 10

  • Average: 1 Zeke Thurston 876.5/10; 2 Logan Hay 863.0/10; 3 Brody Cress 777.0/10; 4 Lefty Holman 785.0/9; 5 Stetson Wright 781.5/9; 6 Dawson Hay 775.5/9; 7 Kade Bruno 757.0/9; 8 Kolby Wanchuk 748.0/9; 9 Tanner Butner 728.0/9; 10 Chase Brooks 687.0/8; 11 Ryder Wright 666.0/8; 11 Sage Newman 666.0/8; 13 Kole Ashbacher 657.5/8; 14 Wyatt Casper 649.5/8; 15 Layton Green 562.5/7
  • World Standings: 1. Zeke Thurston, $399,915.64, Big Valley, AB, 2. Lefty Holman, $341,389.58, Visalia, CA, 3. Logan Hay, $339,400.52, Wildwood, AB, 4. Stetson Wright, $335,796.51, Milford, UT, 5. Sage Newman, $320,474.16, Melstone, MT, 6. Brody Cress, $246,275.01, Hillsdale, WY, 7. Dawson Hay, $213,122.25, Wildwood, AB, 8. Kolby Wanchuk, $211,632.52, Sherwood Park, AB, 9. Chase Brooks, $204,126.17, Deer Lodge, MT, 10. Ryder Wright, $192,672.61, Beaver, UT

Tie Down Roping

2022 WORLD CHAMPION: Caleb Smidt

ROUND 10 WINNER: Ty Harris

TIE DOWN ROPING LEADERS AS OF ROUND 10

  • Average: 1 Caleb Smidt 82.50/10; 2 Cory Solomon 93.40/10; 3 Zack Jongbloed 95.80/10; 4 Haven Meged 117.50/10; 5 Tyler Milligan 129.90/10; 6 Macon Murphy 136.20/10; 7 Hunter Herrin 87.10/9; 8 Ty Harris 96.80/9; 9 Marty Yates 69.10/8; 10 Shad Mayfield 92.80/8; 11 Shane Hanchey 104.30/8; 12 Riley Webb 66.80/7; 13 Kincade Henry 60.40/6; 14 John Douch 39.40/5; 15 Tuf Cooper 51.50/5
  • World Standings: 1. Caleb Smidt, $374,736.70, Bellville, TX, 2. Shad Mayfield, $269,936.43, Clovis, NM, 3. Cory Solomon, $265,302.94, Prairie View, TX, 4. Hunter Herrin, $258,613.06, Apache, OK, 5. John Douch, $254,376.15, Huntsville, TX, 6. Zack Jongbloed, $233,962.22, Iowa, LA, 7. Marty Yates, $228,106.48, Stephenville, TX, 8. Haven Meged, $227,896.65, Miles City, MT, 9. Kincade Henry, $217,107.81, Mount Pleasant, TX, 10. Riley Webb, $188,597.25, Denton, TX

Barrel Racing

2022 WORLD CHAMPION: Hailey Kinsel

ROUND 10 WINNER: Shelley Morgan

BARREL RACING LEADERS AS OF ROUND 10

  • Average: 1 Shelley Morgan 137.28/10; 2 Bayleigh Choate 138.98/10; 3 Lisa Lockhart 141.66/10; 4 Jordon Briggs 142.41/10; 5 Wenda Johnson 142.76/10; 6 Brittany Pozzi Tonozzi 143.01/10; 7 Sissy Winn 144.03/10; 8 Hailey Kinsel 146.06/10; 9 Margo Crowther 146.98/10; 10 Kassie Mowry 152.33/10; 11 Emily Beisel 155.50/10; 12 Jessica Routier 158.19/10; 13 Dona Kay Rule 159.34/10; 14 Stevi Hillman 164.56/10; 15 Leslie Smalygo 144.69/9
  • World Standings: 1. Hailey Kinsel, $302,172.27; 2. Jordon Briggs, $274,520.38 ; 3. Shelley Morgan, $265,029.69 ; 4. Lisa Lockhart, $253,196.90 ; 5. Wenda Johnson, $231,859.61 ; 6. Emily Beisel, $221,718.13 ; 7. Margo Crowther, $184,751.16 ; 8. Bayleigh Choate, $182,970.62 ; 9. Dona Kay Rule, $171,018.99 ; 10. Leslie Smalygo, $158,342.95

Bull Riding

2022 WORLD CHAMPION: Stetson Wright

ROUND 10 WINNER: Kaycee Feild

BULL RIDING LEADERS AS OF ROUND 10

  • Average: 1 Stetson Wright 684.5/8; 2 Josh Frost 589.5/7; 3 Ky Hamilton 510.0/6; 4 Tristen Hutchings 447.0/5; 5 Trevor Kastner 429.0/5; 6 Trey Kimzey 347.0/4; 7 Garrett Smith 256.5/3; 8 Trey Holston 175.5/2; 9 Jeff Askey 175.0/2; 10 Creek Young 169.0/2; 11 Cole Fischer 159.5/2; 12 JR Stratford 90.0/1; 13 Jared Parsonage 81.5/1; 14 Lukasey Morris ; 15 Reid Oftedahl
  • World Standings: 1. Stetson Wright, $592,143.66, Milford, UT, 2. Josh Frost, $409,629.74, Randlett, UT, 3. Tristen Hutchings, $379,785.78, Monteview, ID, 4. Ky Hamilton, $278,412.34, Mackay, QL, 5. Trevor Kastner, $255,179.37, Roff, OK, 6. Jeff Askey, $229,905.37, Athens, TX, 7. Trey Kimzey, $201,999.26, Strong City, OK, 8. Garrett Smith, $197,593.55, Rexburg, ID, 9. Trey Holston, $171,356.88, Fort Scott, KS, 10. JR Stratford, $142,943.19, Byers, KS

Breakaway Roping

2022 WORLD CHAMPION: Martha Angelone

ROUND 10 WINNER: JJ Hampton, Taylor Munsell

BREAKAWAY ROPING LEADERS AS OF ROUND 10

  • Average: 1. Cadee Williams, 31.9 seconds on ten head, $13,866; 2. Lari Dee Guy, 40.1, $11,250; 3. Cheyanne Guillory, 32.9 on nine head, $8,895; 4. Beau Peterson, 36.3, $6,541; 5. Erin Johnson, 43.4, $4,709; 6. Joey Williams, 50.5, $3,401; 7. Josie Conner, 51.7, $2,355; 8. Taylor Munsell, 19.9 on eight head, $1,308
  • World Standings: 1. Martha Angelone, $130,303.91; 2. Taylor Munsell, $90,844.53; 3. Erin Johnson, $88,719.77; 4. Lari Dee Guy, $88,584.52; 5. Shelby Boisjoli, $83,807.59

Nebraska ag producers pay nearly 50 percent more than the national average in property taxes

Nobody likes taxes, but Nebraska farmers and ranchers have even more to dislike than many others around the country.

According to a study by J. David Aiken, Nebraska agriculture property taxes are among the highest in the United States. Over the last three years, Nebraska farmers and ranchers have paid nearly 31 percent of their net farm income as property taxes (47 percent in 2017). Aiken, an agriculture and Water Law Specialist Department with the agricultural Economics University of Nebraska-Lincoln, said that when state and federal taxes are factored in, this represents an effective tax rate of more than 50 percent (over 60 percent in 2017.) Nebraska property taxes on agricultural land as a percentage of net farm income are 146 percent of the United States average (1950-2017 data). The twenty year average is 150 percent, the ten year average is 147 percent, the five year average is 164 percent and the three year average is 188 percent. Property taxes are the single largest tax paid in Nebraska accounting for 38 percent of total state and local tax collections.

The study revealed that sales taxes make up 29 percent of total taxes, and income taxes are 26 percent. Sixty percent of property taxes go to K-12 education funding. All property taxes fund local government—cities, counties, and local school districts. All income taxes and 84 percent of sales taxes are used to fund the state government. Currently with high ag land values across the state, 85 percent of state aid goes to non-agricultural areas and 15 percent is distributed across the board to all school districts. Two-thirds of Nebraska school districts (largely rural) receive little to no state aid.

In Nebraska in 2017, 42,502 farmers paid $686.5 million dollars in property taxes. On a per-farm basis, that breaks down to $16,151 each, second only to California with the average there being $17,229. The national average in 2017 was $4,902, according to data from the 2017 ag Census collected by Chris Clayton, DTN ag Policy Editor.

John O’Dea lives near McCook, Nebraska with his wife and sons. They are feeling the high tax rate, paying 9 dollars a year per acre of grass. More of his tax dollars are given to support Mid-Plains Community College than he can afford to give his own son, who is putting himself through Fort Hays State University in Hays, Kansas. This for him was a cheaper option than Southeast Community College in Nebraska.

“My sons were talking the other day and they agreed “The expense of being a Nebraskan is getting too high,” O’Dea said. “The state has turned into two liberal cities that expect the rest of the state to support them. Folks are having to work off the place to support the ranch. Who will feed and pay the taxes if they force everyone out. It is having a ripple effect on small towns and communities. Every ag producer that has to take a job in town is taking that job away from someone else. I’m 43 years old and I’m paying more for property taxes now than I did for rent when I started. Land in Nebraska is a liability.”

O’Dea feels that there will be some major changes made as producers attempt to refinance land and cattle in the next few years especially with land values going down. The O’Dea family is seriously considering moving their base of operation to a more ag friendly state in the near future.

“The death losses in Nebraska alone will more than offset what USDA estimated what the calf crop was set to increase in 2019. If calf and yearling prices are not considerably higher this fall, our supply and demand market is broken beyond repair. The cow calf expansion phase was at or near its peak, so these losses will pull us back into a shrinking phase in the cow calf sector,” O’Dea said.

Another Nebraska rancher, Karina Jones, said that on top of weather-related disasters, her state’s property taxes are overwhelming.

“Property taxes are like a second mortgage,” said Karina Jones.

The Jones Ranch in Custer County Nebraska has been hit hard by nature and in a way kicked repeatedly while they were down.

“Our situation is unique. We endured the hailstorm in August of 2017 we had to wean calves immediately and start feeding cows on August 13. We didn’t have a blade of grass left on this ranch,” she remembers. By early December of that year, they were running out of feed, and they were forced to send all of the mother cows to be fed by someone off the ranch. “We fed cows from Aug 13, 2017 to June 1, 2018,” Jones said.

Jones believes the state is taking advantage of ranchers like herself and her husband.

“You would think the government would value people like us. We have a particular skill set that can not be taught in a classroom. You can not learn how to be a rancher from Google. It is generations of DNA intelligence. When they put us out of business, it is all lost. Society won’t be able to get that back. We have a particular skill set to feed the world and I can not think of a more noble profession than that,” Jones said. “It doesn’t matter if you own the ground or lease it. The cost of these high taxes is carried by the producer, the cow/calf man or the yearling guy. With the poor cattle markets the last few years we cannot support this tax burden. I do not know the last time I bought my girls a special sports drink at the supermarket line or convenience store. I cannot afford extras!”

The Jones are not a multi-generational operation. “We do not have the working capital of the generations before us to lean on. It all falls squarely on our shoulders, just like many other operators around us. It is a big load to carry,” Jones said.

The Jones’ had insurance on their home but hay loss from the hail storm was not covered because hail is a non-covered peril. The same with destroyed grass, trees lost, poor weaning weights on the calves that the cows had at side and poor performing calves that they had in utero. “We just want to raise cattle and kids. That’s all. We don’t want to take from anyone else. We want to give back and better our communities. We want to contribute fairly to our tax commitments. We want to feed our neighbors with a high quality product that we are proud to feed our own families.”

Jones would like to see some producer support meetings where others like her could share ideas. “We all need some good education and a place to be positive and focus on solutions. And yet we need a safe place to be heard. The bankers need us to stay in business,” said Leah Peterson of Custer County, Nebraska. “And none of us want easy; we just want a fair shot. Taxes take that away. As someone says, it’s like paying taxes on a 401K every year.”

Jim Scott, branch president of Bruning State Bank in Broken Bow, Nebraska said, “High property taxes are definitely a major issue due to the current ag economy and high expenses. There has been a depreciation of land values in the last 12 months, due to more land being sold and less profitability, people are looking to reduce debt load.”

“We need to even the tax burden on all citizens, like with a sales tax increase; we are waiting on the legislature to help. Producers need to get involved and pay attention to how money is spent,” Scott said.

Wrangler 20X High School Rodeo Showcase Winners

The 20X High School Rodeo Showcase was Sunday, Jan. 30, 2023 at 1 pm in the Rushmore Plaza Civic Center and featured the top three high school rodeo competitors in 10 events from all four regions of the state.  The state’s top high school athletes competed for scholarships, matching funds from Farm Credit Services and the prized Maynard Trophy Buckles.

Bareback                                                          Score

1 Kashton Ford                          Sturgis              74

2 Devon Moore                         Clear Lake         69

3 Lucas Yellowhawk                  Blunt                57

4 Reece Reder                           Fruitdale           55

Breakaway Roping                                                        Time

1-2 Taylor Burgee                      Onida                              3.6

1-2 Josie Mousel                       Colman                           3.6

3 Breezy Amiotte                      Interior                          11.9

4 Jessica Caspers                       New Underwood            12.6

Tie Down Roping                                                           Time

1 Tegan Fite                              Hermosa                       10.5

2 Royce Bruns                           Plankinton                    18.4

3 Mathew Heathershaw            Quinn                           19.1

4 Dalton Porch                          Kadoka                         20.2

Goat Tying                                                                    Time

1 Michaela McCormick              Salem                           8.58

2 Brylee Grubb                          Spearfish                      8.69

3 Bailey Verhulst                       Reva                             11.36

4 Josie Menzel                          Quinn                           12.70

Saddle Bronc                                                                Score

No Rides

Steer Wrestling                                                             Time

1 Taten Hill                               White River                  25.01

Barrel Race                                                                   Time

1 Landry Haugen                       Sturgis                          13.575

2 Gabi Irving                             Pierre                           13.731

3 Raylee Fagerhaug                   Wessington Springs       14.060

4 Megan Marone                      Pukwana                      14.097

Pole Bending                                                                Time

1 Kennedy Mclellan                   Dupree                         20.05

2 Sophia Meyer                         Rapid City                     20.79

3 Katie Sheridan                        Faith                             20.94

4 Kylie Wittnebel                      Castlewood                   21.12

Team Roping                                                                            Time

1 Jadon Jensen,Belle Fourche and Jet Jensen, Belle Fourche        8.49

2 Blair Blasius, Wall and Kale Crowser, New Underwood             13.18

3 Ryle Millar, Sturgis and Carson Sabers, Whitewood                  13.49

4 Kaden Tekrony, Clear Lake and Tigh Gaikowski, Waubay             14.47

Bull Riding

1 Jesse Kline                             Hartford                                   66

2 Tate Meyer                            Huron                                       63

Sutton Rodeo | Courtesy image
image-3

Obituary: DALE MCPHERSON

October 2, 1929 – January 13, 2023

Dale McPherson, age 93, passed away peacefully in his sleep on January 13, 2023. Dale was born on October 2, 1929, to Eugene and Ida (Thiers) McPherson, being the youngest of eight children. He grew up 26 miles east of Sturgis on a 20,000-acre Hereford cattle ranch, where his father and grandfather were the first to bring straight whiteface cattle west of the Missouri River. It was during that time that Dale got his first taste of auctioneering as the McPherson kids would take turns selling livestock to each other as they did chores …. they all agreed that Dale sounded the best and the rest is history.

Dale attended school in a one-room rural schoolhouse through 8th grade, then like some of his brothers, attended Aggie School, now South Dakota State University, in Brookings, SD, graduating in 1947. Dale also took classes at the National College of Business in Rapid City. After his Army tour of duty to Germany with the United States Army, Dale was honorably discharged and returned to his roots, where he continued his education while embarking on his lifelong auctioneering career.

Dale met his sweetheart of 64 years, Dorothy (Bostic) McPherson in December 1957 in Sturgis, SD. On April 20, 1958, he and Dorothy were married in the First Presbyterian Church in Sturgis, SD. They have two sons, Kevin Dale, and Todd Eugene McPherson. Survivors include his wife, Dorothy (Bostic) McPherson; two sons: Kevin & Angela McPherson and Todd McPherson; grandchildren: Carter McPherson, Brooke & Matt Sukalski, Stevie Beth & Jake Wiedenbach, Bergan & Troy Horton, Cadence Gerlach, Ethan Gerlach, Kassi McPherson & Alex McPherson and six great grandchildren with Silas James Horton born on January 18, 2023. Long time hired hand Jason Kewatt (35 years and still going & busy reminding us all, where stuff is).

Dale is preceded in death by his parents Gene & Ida McPherson, brother Joe & Elma, brother Don, brother Earl & Celeste, brother Glenn, brother Arnold & Maxine, sister Mae & Bud Keffler, sister Edna & Vernon Watkins

Dale began working for the Sturgis Livestock Exchange in 1948 with Jim Madden and Harley Roth. In 1969 Dale was selected as the first South Dakota State Champion Auctioneer. The contest was hosted by the Sturgis Livestock Exchange. Over his career as a well-known Livestock Auctioneer, he sold at livestock auction markets in 1948 at the Sturgis Livestock Exchange. He also sold in such places as Wall, SD, Rapid City, SD, Edgemont, SD, Rushville, NE, Chadron, NE, Crawford, NE, Kimball, SD, Mitchell, SD, Highmore, SD, Ft. Pierre, SD, Presho, SD, Hettinger, ND, Bowman, ND, Belle, Fourche SD, St. Onge, SD, and livestock auction markets in Wyoming, Minnesota, and Iowa. If you’ve bought or sold cattle in South Dakota or any of the surrounding states, chances are high that Dale McPherson has been at the microphone.

However, it was the Faith Livestock Commission Company in Faith, SD that McPherson considered home, selling there for over 54 consecutive years. Dale looked forward to the excitement of the Kool Deadwood Nites Classic Car Auction held in Deadwood, SD. every August.

Even after “retirement” in 2006, Dale continued to be active in the auction block with all the McPherson Auction & Realty auctions, as well as selling at the Black Hills Auto Auction in Rapid City every Friday for nearly 25 years.

In addition to livestock, Dale sold real estate, farm and ranch equipment, production bull sales, construction equipment, industrial machinery, automobiles, classic cars, estate auctions and was the first to embrace and conduct online auctions in the state of South Dakota.

McPherson is a founding charter member of the South Dakota Auctioneers Association (SDAA), having held every office in that association. In 2002, he was inducted into the SDAA Hall of Fame, Then Governor Rounds crowned April 28th as “Dale McPherson Day ” in the state of South Dakota. In 2021, Lt. Governor Rhoden presented Dale with Governor Noem’s Gold Challenge Coin in recognition of all his accomplishments.

He has been a lifelong member of the National Auctioneers Association and served three years on its national board of directors. In 2005, Dale was awarded the Agri-Businessman of the Year for the Black Hills Stock Show. In 2019, Dale McPherson’s family was awarded the Pioneer Spirit Award from the Black Hills Stock Show.

Dale is known for being active in community organizations including the Rapid City Chamber of Commerce, Deadwood Chamber of Commerce, Western Junior Livestock Association, Rapid City Rotary Club, and St. Jude’s Research Hospital. He was a church elder in the First Presbyterian Church in Rapid City and Sturgis. In his 76 years of auctioneering, Dale was a key component in an uncountable number of charities, fundraisers, calcutta’s, wildlife preservation auctions, and benefit auctions of all types having helped raise millions and millions of dollars over all the decades.

Memorials in Dale’s honor have been established at the following places:

First Presbyterian Church – Rapid City – Capital Improvements Fund.

Monument Health Rapid City – Children’s Expansion.

Central State Fair Foundation – Rapid City, SD

Memorial Donations can be made to those organizations and mailed to McPherson Memorial PO Box 8204 Rapid City, SD 57709

Visitation and a time for stories will be on Friday, January 20th from 5:00 pm to 6:30 pm at Osheim & Schmidt Funeral Home (2700 Jackson Blvd. Rapid City, SD 57702.)

Celebration of Life services will be held on Saturday January 21st at 2:00pm at First Presbyterian Church (710 Kansas City Street, Rapid City SD 57701) and immediately followed by a pie, bars, cookies, candy bars and sweets reception to celebrate Dale’s sweet tooth.

Burial will be on Monday January 23rd at 9:00am at the Black Hills National Cemetery near Sturgis, SD with full military honors rendered by the South Dakota Army National Guard and the VFW Post 1273.

Livestock market outlook overview

Prepared and written by Jeff Swenson, DATCP Livestock and Meat Specialist.

■ The latest USDA Cattle on Feed report released Friday, Jan. 20, didn’t offer much in the way of surprises as it was in line with pre-report estimates. Cattle placed into feedlots during December totaled 1.8 million head, 8% below the same month in 2021. The largest decrease in placements were in cattle weighing less than 600 lbs. It is notable that the number of heifers placed was down 0.5%, making it the first year-over-year quarterly decrease since July 2021. The cattle on feed inventory on Jan. 1 was 11.7 million head, a decrease of 3% compared to a year ago. While the supply of fed cattle will decrease in 2023, Scott Brown from the University of Missouri was quick to point out during his weekly market segment with Brownfield Ag News that overall beef production won’t drop as much as some expect. He noted that beef production per cow is 14.1% higher than it was in 2000, as their offspring entering the feedlot achieve higher finished weights. Finished weights have even increased since 2014 when cattle numbers were low. The USDA also released a monthly Livestock Slaughter report last week showing December beef production 5.8% below Dec. 2021. In looking at 2022 as a whole, beef cow harvest was 10.9% higher than 2021, while heifer harvest was up 4.8%. Steer harvest was down 2.1%. Estimated harvest last week was 646,000 head, 15,000 less than the previous week and 9,000 higher than a year ago. Cash fed cattle prices last week were $2.50/cwt lower while the Choice beef cutout value fell $6.80 to finish the week at $271.72. #

■ The USDA’s Livestock Slaughter report quantified the decrease in pork production in 2022. In all, 3.547 million fewer barrows and gilts were harvested compared to 2021. December pork production alone was 7.2% below 2021. The lower production has not buoyed prices recently as cash hogs were another $1.90 lower last week. The carcass cutout value fell as well, losing $1.50 last week to finish at $79.99. Lean Hog futures contracts continue to be pressured. Hog harvest has been running ahead of expectations recently, however. The USDA’s December Hogs and Pigs report expected a 1.9% decrease in heavy weight hog supply, although the decrease has been just 0.3%. The estimated harvest last week was 2.531 million, 153,000 fewer hogs than the previous week and 95,000 more than the same week last year. Just as with beef, Scott Brown of the University of Missouri pointed out that increased efficiency will prevent a steep drop in pork supply. Brown said pork per sow is 45% higher than 2000. Pork export sales had a good week with the latest report indicating 44,700 metric tons sold to foreign buyers. #

■ December saw record low lamb and mutton production of 10.9 million pounds, making it 7% lower than Dec. 2021. Sheep and lamb harvest for 2022 was 7% below the previous year. Last week’s estimated harvest of 32,000 head was 2,000 less than the previous week and 2,000 head more than the same week last year. Fed lamb prices last week were $2 to $5/cwt higher with the lamb carcass cutout value gaining $5.49 to close the week at $541.72.  #

■ Fed cattle prices at Wisconsin and surrounding state auction markets were steady to $1 lower. High-yielding, high-grading cattle brought $133 to $152/cwt. Groups of high Choice and Prime lots sold from $153 to $162/cwt with packages selling higher. The Holstein steer market was fully steady to higher this week ranging from $113 to $139/cwt with a few packages selling to $145. Silage fed, under finished or heavy dairy breed steers brought $77 to $113/cwt. Dairy x Beef steers were bringing $107 to $147/cwt. Cows were $2 to $3 higher. A bulk of the cows brought $53 to $75/cwt with some selling into the low $90s. Doubtful health and thin cows were bringing $50cwt and down. Dairy breed bull calves were higher, bringing $80 to $175/cwt with heavier, well cared for calves higher this week, selling up to $200/cwt. Beef and Beef Cross calves were steady, selling to $380/cwt. Market lambs brought $120 to $132/cwt. There were reports of small groups of light lambs selling higher. 

–Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection

Montana: Clark confirmed by Senate Ag Committee, bills advancing, foreign land ownership issue in Montana and Calling on the Capitol

             Week four of the 68th Montana Legislature is working to accomplish the peoples’ business and we saw many bills continue their journey this week. Here is what your grassroots policy supported this week:

            Longtime friend and member of Montana Farm Bureau, Christy Clark, was confirmed on Thursday by the Senate Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation Committee to serve as Director for the Department of Agriculture (DOA). Her confirmation will now move to the Senate floor for a full confirmation vote, likely next week. Clark, who Governor Gianforte appointed last January, has served the DOA since 2015 in a variety of roles such as deputy director, agricultural science administrator, interim director and has done a fantastic job of running the DOA highlighting important programs for agriculture. We look forward to continuing to work alongside her for the betterment of Montana’s farmers and ranchers.

            This week we saw several bills supported by MFBF advance through the legislature, some without any opposition. HB 212 Increase business equipment tax exemption sponsored by Josh Kassmier (R) HD 27 which increases the business equipment tax exemptions from $300,000 to $1 million passed through the House Taxation Committee with no opposition, bringing this important legislation one step closer to helping small businesses acquire more or better equipment. Following its passage out of the Taxation Committee, the bill was referred to the House Appropriations Committee, where MFBF and many other business groups supported it in a hearing again this week. In the Appropriations Committee, the fiscal impact of the legislation is considered. After further vetting, we expect it to continue its advancement through the process.

Other bills that advanced this week include HB 245 Revise tax credit for trades education and training sponsored by Sue Vinton (R) HD 56. With around a quarter of farms and ranches in Montana hiring out-of-family labor, the tax credit provided by HB 245 gives these farms and ranches a great incentive to provide training and education to those workers while bringing in more jobs to rural communities.SB 58 Increase landowner payment cap for block management sponsored by Steve Hinebauch (R) SD 18 also advanced this week. With a proud heritage of hunting in Montana, SB 58 is set to continue to support that history by doubling the block management program cap from $25,000 to $50,000 giving landowners more incentive to provide sportsman access to more hunting land. SB 58 passed through the Senate Finance and Claims Committee without any opposition.

This week saw the first of what we expect could be several pieces of legislation regarding foreign ownership of agriculture land. SB 203 Revise law for transfer of critical infrastructure and agricultural land sponsored by Kenneth Bogner (R) SD 19 prevents an entity from selling, leasing or renting agricultural land to a “foreign adversary.” This year, several Montana Farm Bureau members shared their concerns over agricultural land being bought by foreign governments, particularly those with strained relations with the United States. We support this bill as it fits within our grassroots policy and represents our membership’s concern over the ownership of agricultural land by an adversary foreign government.

Lastly, we encourage all Montana Farm Bureau members to join us February 6-7 for this year’s Calling on the Capitol. This year, we’ve combined all of Calling on the Capitols into one large event to elevate Farm Bureau’s visibility and influence in the Montana Legislature. We’ve got a full schedule including issue updates, agency meetings, face-to-face discussions with legislators and more. Don’t miss this opportunity to have a seat at the table with Montana’s decision makers and boost your advocacy skills. View the schedule and get registered here.

For more legislative updates and details on these issues, follow our Live with Your Lobbyist broadcast each Friday at noon on our Montana Farm Bureau Facebook Page. 

–Montana Farm Bureau Federation

Varilek’s Cattle Call:  Weaker cash but stable futures

Cash cattle was disappointing in the north with $247-248 dressed.  With outside cattle standing in poor yard conditions, it was hard to call that a victory.  Inside cattle of course can fair a little better.  The south traded some $156 live on Friday afternoon which was steady over the last several weeks.  The south does have a tighter feel to it with higher feed costs while the north is fighting weather trying to keep cattle moving.  It has been said that the north needs a few weeks to clean up, but often the two weeks expected drags on longer than anticipated.

The futures markets are holding on despite some of the poor cash news.  Optimism on the long term front is still the main story.  The biannual cattle inventory report will be held on Tuesday, January, 31.  Estimates will be for a decreased cow herd size and lack of growth due to the large female slaughter over the last couple of years especially.

Deferred contracts in the live cattle are only $2/cwt below all time highs for the industry.  Fall feeder prices are already testing north of $210/cwt.  With the optimism comes a lot of risk.  Buying feeders becomes a challenge with a large premium dangling out front.  Have your plan, and trade your plan.  The amount of money we are all handling in the industry is even more than we are used to.  Plus, we get that higher interest rate in the foreseeable future.

Feed costs are also maintaining strength even with lower futures prices on the upcoming CME contracts.  With the latest rebound in the futures, it might be a steady to stronger market until we see acreage numbers on March 31 in my opinion.  Have a good week.

Scott Varilek, Kooima Kooima Varilek Trading

The risk of loss when trading futures and options is substantial.  Each investor must consider whether this is a suitable investment.  Past performance is not indicative of future results.

From Farm to Football: SDSU Head Coach John Stiegelmeier Retires after National Championship

South Dakota State University’s ‘winningest’ coach has announced his retirement just weeks after leading his team to a National Championship victory over North Dakota State in Frisco, Texas. John Stiegelmeier, fondly known by the Jackrabbits as ‘Coach Stig,’ is a native of Selby, South Dakota. He graduated from SDSU and has coached there for thirty-five years, including serving as head football coach since 1997, and retires with a record of 199-112.

After compiling the most wins ever achieved in one season, the Jackrabbits met the nine-time FCS champion Bison head on, and for the first time, the Bison fell in Frisco.

“Competing against NDSU for the championship was doubly special,” Stiegelmeier said. “First, because we were playing for the national championship, and also because for the second time this year we were up against the team that makes up the best rivalry in FCS football. There was so much energy with the stakes raised and bragging rights on the line. It was also fun because we know them so well in terms of coaching against them. It was really special for both teams.”

Stiegelmeier felt that a highlight of the championship game for the team was getting to play in front of a very honoring Jackrabbit crowd; fans made the effort to show up in Texas and made themselves heard in the stands. On a personal level, seeing his players’ accomplishment was the best part.

“To step back and see those guys on the stage before I got up there, see their joy and accomplishment, that was the best part for me,” he said. “I did tell them during our community celebration in Brookings, be champions in everything. This is not the ultimate championship: be a champion citizen, husband, father, neighbor. You know what it feels like, you know the hard work it took.”

The Jackrabbits 14-1 2022 season included two wins in North Dakota during the regular season.

“The back to back wins against NDSU and UND were highlights of our season,” Stiegelmeier said. “In both games we fell behind early but were able to come back. It had nothing to do with my half time speech, it had everything to do with a bunch of young men believing in themselves and going out and being themselves. It was a team of individuals saying, ‘I can do this,’ and going out there and getting it done.”

A script flipping victory over Montana State in the semifinals was the final step to get the team to the championship game.

“They led the nation in rushing yards, and we had a dominating performance against really good team on really cold day!” Stiegelmeier said.

NDSU has won the FCS championship nine times in the past eleven years. They have never lost a championship match and have a history of being a dominant force in college football, including in Division II days. The championship game was the first time SDSU has beaten NDSU twice in the same season.

Coach Stig celebrates the recent National Championship. Stiegelmeier family | Courtesy photos
stig

“With all respect to NDSU, we played a dominating game,” Stiegelmeier said. We can’t claim we are NDSU, they have won nine championships. But this year we were 1-0 in Frisco; that day we became national champions. They were great sportsmen; all their players and coaches were very honoring to our team. Their good sportsmanship is a credit to their program. It’s part of the respect we have for each other. It has been fun to be part of this rivalry.”

Stieglemeier has fostered a ‘family’ culture in the SDSU football program. This has brought a number of former players back to work at SDSU as assistant coaches. Four former players were part of the 2022 coaching and staff. One of these men, Jimmy Rogers, has been promoted to take Stiegelmeier’s place as head coach. Rogers has been the Defensive Coordinator since 2019. He played for SDSU in the 2006-2009 seasons, and was part of the first Division I team to make the playoffs in 2009.

Stiegelmeier says, jokingly, that he was raised in a John Deere 5020 tractor.

“I grew up in the same area where my parents were born and raised,” he said. “Both sets of my grandparents lived within walking distance from us in Selby. When it came to farming we worked. I don’t think I ever saw a row crop as youngster; dad grew wheat, rye, oats and other small grains. I was taught that hard work leads to success. My grandfather, my dad, my uncle and my aunt all farmed. I don’t think it was ever thought that one of my parents’ three sons would not be a farmer. It was not that we were small thinkers, farming was what you did. It was a calling.”

The grind of putting on dirty clothes from the day before, working sunup to sundown with a midday delivery of lunch to the field was simply a way of life. Stiegelmeier says that it was the best upbringing.

But for him, the calling was different.

“My plan was to be a high school math teacher and athletic coach,” Stiegelmeier said.  “I had the opportunity to become a student coach for the football team at SDSU, and that experience piqued my interest in coaching college football.”

Small things can make a big difference. Stiegelmeier keeps a card on his desk that bears the question, “What if I had missed the class where I was invited to be a student coach?”

“If I had missed that one class I wouldn’t be in this office,” he said. “God made me to be a coach. When you figure that out in life, that’s the direction, that’s the calling. You know where you’re supposed to be.”

While farming was not his calling, it provided the setting to develop a strong work ethic, patience, character, and a long term vision for growth in other areas of life, including his coaching career.

“Dad would get us up early on Sunday mornings to go feed the cattle,” he said. “If it had snowed, we’d always shovel off the steps of our church on our way home. Dad believed that we needed to do this as members of the church and society. That was our service.”

John’s father, Milton, taught his boys by example to work hard, and the importance of doing things right. When he was a teenager, John complained about the flax strips Milton planted in the summer fallow fields.

“I told him I thought it was stupid,” he recalled. “Dad told me, ‘We don’t do it for us, we do it to take care the land for future generations.’”

Milton and the boys planted rows and rows of trees for a shelterbelt at the farm.

“Dad taught us to work hard, and it was no cliché,” Stieglemeier said. “We hoed trees by hand and used a tiller to keep the weeds down around them. He would drop us off with a hoe and a water jug and say, ‘I’ll be back.’ We fed the cattle with pails, and it felt like training for the Olympics; when we were little we couldn’t carry two at a time, and they were so heavy we had to swing them up to get the grain into the bunk. It was quite an evolution to grow to the point where I could carry two buckets and think it was easy.”

Coach Stig says his early days on the farm helped instill a work ethic that he, in turn, encouraged in his players.
stig-2

Stiegelmeier said that both in and out of football he has had some incredible mentors.

“I have been blessed with numerous people who have influenced my life and my coaching,” he said. “Two coaches who made a huge impact on me were Jim Kretchman, who I coached under at Northern State University in Aberdeen, South Dakota, and Mike Daly, who I coached with both at the University of Wisconsin and again at SDSU. Outside of football, my dad and my older brother, Jim would probably be the top two. I have had several unbelievable mentors.”

Stieglemeier said that a conversation with Jim inspired ‘Make A Difference’—M.A.D.— the theme of the SDSU football program.

“One year, I saw Jim on my way to visit a recruit, and when we were back for Christmas a few weeks later, he asked me how things went,” he recalled. “I told him about this particular young man’s really tough home life. Jim recognized that I didn’t pay attention to that, during my visit I had been focused on doing my job and that was it. He grabbed my hands and with tears in his eyes, said, ‘You need to make a difference.’  That changed me, slowly, over time. It has become the theme of our program. It’s so important to pay attention to people, to be there for people.”

Jim passed away after a farm accident when he was only forty-seven, but his encouragement to John continues to make an impact.

Stiegelmeier’s father, Milton, lived what he taught his boys: to work hard, be men of character, and the importance of caring for people.

“Dad was the picture of a man of character,” Stiegelmeier said. “Later in his life my dad told me, ‘Big things take a long time.’ There are no quick fixes, no shortcuts in life. If you want to have success as a farmer or a coach, you need to stay the course. After my twenty-sixth year as head coach we’re national champions. That defines what he said.”

And those trees that the boys tended? Today they are forty feet tall and continue to provide shelter for wildlife and livestock.

Stiegelmeier said that his family has been very supportive of his career as a coach.

“All four of our children, our daughter in law and son in law and our grandchildren all went to Frisco,” he said. “It’s not an easy trip, especially with little people, but they’re all in. Our four grandkids came to press conference after the game with me. Our kids understand what they missed out on as a child of a coach, because of the long hours I put in. Sometimes it feels like chasing somebody else’s kid instead of your own.”

John and his wife, Laurie, have been married for forty-three years. He describes his coaching career as a joint venture and often describes Laurie as the real ‘head coach.’

“Laurie has either been by my side or by our kids’ side taking care of them,” Stiegelmeier said. “She has supported me through prayer, fed anybody I brought home, fed our seniors every fall. For every win she has made Rice Krispie bars for our players; she has made over 24,000 Rice Krispie bars through the years.”

Stiegelmeier believes that he had the best job in America.

“We have really, really special student athletes,” he said. “I’ve always wanted to know them beyond their height, weight, and ‘forty time.’ I want to know who their parents and grandparents are. We work as hard as any program I know of to become a true family by investing in our players.”

While Stiegelmeier says that he has always been optimistic as a coach, he said that six years ago when SDSU had their first semi-final loss that the possibility of one day becoming national champions became a realistic possibility to everyone in the program.

“Our players are a reflection of what I learned on the farm,” he said “They embrace hard work. One of the greatest proofs of this happened when we were preparing to play in spring season of 2021. Eighty-nine guys gave up four weeks of vacation and came back over Christmas to work out on their own. Another profound moment happened in 2004 when I stood on the practice field with a bunch of guys who had been recruited to be Division II players. They were all kneeling. I asked them to prove to me and the program that we could compete at the Division I level. There was probably some peer pressure involved but every one of them stood up. Those guys believed we could change the face of SDSU football and they did. We did.”

Stieglemeier has intentionally made his priorities of faith and family a part of the SDSU football program.

“I incorporate both faith and what it means to be true family into our football family,” he said. “Nearly every text I send I say ‘I love you. Coach Stig.’ You don’t say that unless you are willing to go deeper. It’s pretty powerful. There is no greater thing you can say to an individual than ‘I love you.’ And then you need actions to back it. We have a ‘non-football’ meeting every week during the season, and the rule is we can’t talk about football. We sit around and talk about life: good things, tough things, worldly things, whatever is going on. That doesn’t happen in a football program, that happens in a family.”

When he began his coaching career, Stiegelmeier never imagined such a lengthy tenure at SDSU.

“A big part of us always wanted to spend some time here,” he said. ‘Did I think it would be thirty-five years? No. But it has been a special place in our hearts and our family’s hearts.”

Retirement may mean some adjustments, but John is looking forward to having more time with his family.

“If I can be a present grandfather and be around these little people, that will be the greatest joy,” he said. “I love to grow a big garden, that’s the farmer in me. Laurie puts it all up so it’s a joint effort; I grow it, she freezes it and pickles it. I am looking forward to spending time with my best friend, Laurie. A highlight for us is dinner on the deck with a fire and watching the sun go down together.”

Stiegelmeiers are thankful for their time as a part of Jackrabbit football.

“At least once a week over the last twenty-six years, Laurie and I have said to each other, ‘Can you believe how blessed we are?’ And the word BLESSED has gotten bigger and bigger as we’ve gone through this journey together. It’s been really special.”

Coach Stig and his family celebrate the recent victory. He looks forward to spending more time with them.
stig-1

Editor’s note: This story’s author, Ruth Wiechmann, grew up in the shade of the trees Jim (her father), her Uncle Jerry and her Uncle John Stiegelmeier nurtured near Selby. Her cattle now enjoy the protection and shade of those trees.

Top Down Control: Danone says it will cut cow’s methane by 30 percent

Danone, a food company based in the Netherlands, announced on Jan. 17, 2023, together with the Environmental Defense Fund, a plan to drastically cut their milk providers’ methane output.

This, in an effort to meet its new climate commitment “to lower methane emissions 30 percent by 2030.”

The World Health Organization reports that in 2021, 828 million people, or 9.8 percent of the world population, are affected by hunger.

 John Tauzel, EDF’s methane leader, said “people need vital nutrition. They need economic activity to remain vital. Everything we do addresses climate change.”

Danone’s plan puts the onus directly on dairy farmers. “Danone targets a 30 percent absolute reduction in methane emissions from fresh milk used in its dairy products,” says the news release. In an e-mail Danone indicates that it will impact “heat waves” and “drought” by changes enacted on dairies.

Dr. Galen Erickson, a University of Nebraska-Lincoln Beef Feedlot Extension Specialist, said, as far as the beef industry, “we have data showing the grasslands completely offset the emissions of cattle in some years and we are measuring more.”

When asked if the methane and carbon dioxide produced by cattle is a problem, Erickson said “some would say no.”

There is interesting research showing that methane isn’t as bad as everyone always thought, he said.

“Researchers are saying, ‘look methane isn’t a real culprit. It is degraded pretty quickly to carbon dioxide and then recycled. It hasn’t increased from old times because we have always had natural ruminant grazing in place,’”

Penn state research has shown that the plains bison were producing about 85 percent as much methane as is produced today, he said. As for the carbon dioxide increase in the past century, it is unrelated to ruminant production, he said.

Cattle that are consuming grain produce less methane per unit of energy than cattle eating straight forage, he said.

However, this is not an argument to feed more grain, he said, because the grasslands are instrumental in taking up carbon, and obviously feeding more grain in many livestock operations is not financially feasible or productive.

“In many ways, I think our current system has been optimized. We have about 95 million head in our current herd, including dairy and beef, and we produce more beef than Brazil with about 220 million head. Starting all the way at the ranch level with reproduction rates, replacement rates, the speed with which we bring cattle to market, and a faster growing and finishing method. Per cow exposed, we are the most efficient on the planet,” he said.

Neither an all-grain system or an all-grass system is the answer, he said.

 As far as reducing methane 30 percent by 2030, Erickson said food companies are trying to reduce their “carbon footprints” and are looking to the food producers to make changes.

While cattle methane emissions may be essentially a net zero, and are not “part of the problem,” if cattle methane emissions can be cut, the beef industry could be “a part of the solution,” said Erickson.

R-CALF USA’s private property rights committee chair, Shad Sullivan, said he believes the climate change movement is “anti-meat” and that the ultimate impact of climate change policies will be a loss of independent agriculture.

“The unintended impact is going to be loss of control on production,” he said. “Producers will lose control of their production methods, and will have to meet standards and be evaluated by third parties in order to enter the market system,” Top-down control rather than what he calls bottom-up control of food production will result in food insecurity, he said.

The recently passed Inflation Reduction Act allocated $20 billion to farm conservation programs, Tauzel said. The EDF would like to see incentives for manure management and possibly feed additives on dairies.

Dr. Erickson said he believes in the future food companies will enact incentive programs such as this.

However, he said that historically, when incentives are introduced, after 50 percent or more of those incentivized adopt the practice, the incentive is dropped, and non-participators are instead discounted or completely unable to access the market.

He also wonders whether or not consumers will pay higher prices for “those practices they view as climate smart,” especially when they learn that beef cattle are not the climate problem they once thought. Without increased consumer spending, the companies will likely not continue incentives.

Currently the existing solutions “don’t really improve on farm yields,” Tauzel said, so incentivizing farmers may be needed, his group believes.

As to whether or not spending tax dollars may be counter-intuitive (maybe the tax dollars themselves were made in a less environmentally-friendly way than the dairy itself), he said, “Congress decides where that money comes from.”

“We have a lot of mouths to feed,” said Sullivan. “If you can’t turn non-edible forage into a highly nutrient dense food, you can’t feed the world. You can’t even feed your own family,” he said.

“Communist countries are an example of top down control. The people have lost control of their production.” This loss of control segue ways into food insecurity, then national insecurity. It’s a snowball effect, said Sullivan.

Organizations or individual ranchers might try to pass sustainability policy or “sign on” to sustainability actions, but the unintended consequence will be a movement away from the production and consumption of red meat, says Sullivan. “That’s what the term ‘sustainability’ has turned into. It’s production and consumption control,” he said.

Erickson agreed with Sullivan’s comments on the cow’s ability to turn forage that can’t be used by humans into edible protein.

“Our math says that 85 to 86 percent of all feed needs in the US beef system are forages and  products not edible for humans,” he said.

Cattle produce beef by grazing marginal lands and using by products, he said. “Ruminants are excellent at recycling.”

“You don’t get any food off that land if you don’t raise ruminants on it,” he said.

a1-1-cow-horizcopy

While Danone calls itself a world leader in four businesses: Essential Dairy and Plant-Based Products, Early Life Nutrition, Medical Nutrition and Waters, it’s goals in this movement focus entirely on the people with the cows.

The Environmental Defense Fund President Fred Krupp, insists that methane from cattle is an issue. “Cutting methane emissions is one of the fastest and most effective ways to slow climate change,” adding that the dairy sector can play a role in driving these reductions while ‘boosting farmer livelihoods and increasing food security and nutrition.’

 Tauzel said “if we can make meaningful reductions in methane, we can slow global warming,” which will “give us time” to address carbon dioxide, which is “harder to pull out of the atmosphere,” he said.

Tauzel said three of EDF and Danone’s goals are:

  • Demonstrate over time that the dairy sector is improving productivity per cow
  • Policy/investment in rumen research and manure research
  • Better incentives and financing for farmers to implement these projects.

His organization has found that through markets, science and policy they can bring “pragmatic solutions.”

Different manure management and enteric methane inhibiting products (feed additives to reduce methane emission) are two ideas Tauzel mentioned. He also discussed feed changes. “Are you feeding high quality forage on the feed and nutrition side, do you your cows have enough feed so you are maximizing production?”

Erickson said changing the diets of cattle is not going to decrease methane production from cattle by 50 percent. “I believe if we will cut methane from cattle by 30-50 percent, it won’t be from feed ration ingredients rations, it will be natural and chemical feed additives like Bovaer,” he said.

As far as measuring the amount of methane each cow produces, Tauzel said more research dollars are needed to determine if individually identifying and measuring each cow’s output is needed or if it can be done on a farm by farm basis. He said “more milk per cow” is the goal.

Some believe the climate change argument is being used to push a mandatory animal identification program for livestock.

Erickson said he’s not sure. “I think traceability either on groups or individuals could be a requirement for any incentive-based production system,” he said. That tracking could be done on a group basis, or individual basis, he said.

There are entire industries being built on regulation to enact “someone’s view of sustainability,” said Sullivan.

“It’s less complex than they make it. I do believe we will cut methane produced by cattle,” Erickson said. Feed additives or slight feed alterations will likely be the answer, he said, but he doesn’t expect the changes to dramatically impact performance.  

a1-1IMG_1077
a1-1cows1

 

Montana: Deadline to object to CSKT water compact, Feb. 9

The Montana Water Court has granted a 60 day extension for those wishing to file an objection to the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes’ (CSKT) water compact with the United States and the State of Montana.

The federal government ratified the compact Dec. 27, 2021. The state and tribe have also approved it. The Water Court has not given its stamp of approval yet.

The tribe was given June 15, 2015, as a deadline for filing the water rights they wanted to claim, which amounts to about 12,000 claims, said rancher and water rights attorney Wally Congdon.

Congdon explains that the contract is open ended because of language in the federal bill to ratify the compact which reads “…this bill ratifies this compact as modified by this act…”

Congdon said there is no way of knowing what modifications will be proposed.

The Walton Rights is a federal case which calls for the Indian Reservations to be provided the right to reserved water rights, said Congdon. But quantifying how much should be allotted is not cut and dried, he said.

Congdon also said that the tribe can claim the rights to water upstream and downstream in areas of the water body that are not physically located on the confines of the reservation.

Those with water rights up or downstream of the reservation could lose their rights for irrigation or other uses, said Congdon. The tribe may need to increase their water usage to dilute pollution, keep fish alive, irrigate, or for many other reasons, he said. “The tribe has the claims to the water for water quality. The federal law did that. We have no idea which drainages, streams, what volume, what flow rate, they are provided,” he said. “Will someone please tell us how much, where, what use, when and how? Please?”

Congdon encourages any users of the water who could lose their water rights – temporarily or permanently – to object.

“Look who that affects, a cattle or sheep producer, grain farmer, factory. It’s everyone,” he said.

Congdon also said that other federal treaties provide “the right of navigation” for free to all citizens of the US, which he said could be in conflict with the compact.

If the contract isn’t approved, the tribe’s approximately 12,000 claims, covering two-thirds of the state, will remain, says Congdon.

The Mineral County commissioners filed a total of 12 objections. Other counties and irrigation districts have also objected, including the Missoula Irrigation District and Sanders County, he said. Numerous individuals have filed their objections.

Anyone wanting to file an objection to the contract must do so by Feb. 9, 2023.

Go to the Montana Water Courts Website: https://courts.mt.gov/courts/water/Notices-Info/PublicNotices and click on “objection form.”

As of Dec. 8, 2022, individuals had filed about 250 objections, reported the Lake County Leader.

According to Senator Tester the compact:

1. Avoids costly litigation for taxpayers and the Tribes.
2. Ratifies the Salish and Kootenai Tribes’ water compact with the State of Montana.
3. Protects the water claims of existing water rights holders.
4. Resolves the Tribes’ water-related claims against the federal government.
5. Provides the necessary resources for the Tribes to invest in critical water infrastructure that will benefit tribal and non-tribal members in Flathead and Lake Counties.
• The cost of the CSKT Water Compact is $2.3 billion— including $55 million from the State of Montana.

Rounds, Thune and Johnson Request Biden to Approve Major Disaster Declaration Requests of Tribes in South Dakota

WASHINGTON – Senators Mike Rounds (R-S.D.) and John Thune (R-S.D.) and U.S. Representative Dusty Johnson (R-S.D.) sent two letters of support to President Joe Biden regarding the major disaster declaration requests from the Oglala Sioux Tribe (OST) and the Rosebud Sioux Tribe (RST). If the president approves each tribes’ declaration request, it would expedite recovery efforts from significant weather events that occurred from December 12 to December 26, 2022. 

“As you are aware, the Sandy Recovery Improvement Act of 2013 allows federally recognized Native American tribes to directly request an emergency declaration from the President through a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Regional Administrator,” wrote the delegation.

“As the disaster declaration request indicates, tribal officials responded to the storms using resources immediately available to them,” the delegation continued. “The emergency operations conducted by the tribe reduced the storms’ impact and accelerated the recovery of tribal communities. Despite these efforts, a number of tribal members remained trapped in their homes and were unable to access necessary supplies.”

The delegation wrote in strong support of the tribes’ declaration requests, which were in response to extreme blizzard conditions affecting the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation and the Rosebud Indian Reservation. These areas received up to three feet of snow with drifts up to 20 feet high. As a result, hundreds of families in tribal communities were unable to access critical supplies, including medications and propane and firewood to heat homes. In addition to snowfall, wind chill temperatures dropped to -50°F in some tribal communities.

Read the full text of the letter supporting the OST’s request HERE and the RST’s request HERE.

–Senator Rounds

Propane Council: Incentives for purchase of some propane equipment

PERC incentive program offers up to $5,000 toward propane-powered equipment.

WASHINGTON (January 2023) – The Propane Education & Research Council announces its 2023 Propane Farm Incentive Program, which provides financial incentives of up to $5,000 toward the purchase of qualifying propane equipment — including irrigation engines, power generators, agricultural building and water heating systems and flame weed control systems.

The Propane Farm Incentive Program is a nationwide research and demonstration initiative that offers financial incentives toward the purchase of new propane equipment in exchange for providing operation and propane usage feedback.

To make the application process easier than ever, PERC has created a new online platform with all materials necessary for program qualification and participation. To apply, producers can simply visit propane.com/farmincentive and complete the step-by-step process to receive incentives toward qualifying equipment.

Propane Education & Research Council | Courtesy image
Propane-Use-Agriculture-Product-Accordian-Inset-780×416-Irrigation-Engines

“This program provides an excellent opportunity to directly help producers interested in upgrading farm equipment to new propane-powered systems, while gathering invaluable feedback directly from farmers to continue improving propane equipment,” said Michael Newland, director of agriculture business development at PERC. “We are excited to launch the new online portal to make it even easier for producers to take advantage of our program and save more on powerful propane equipment.”

For more information about propane’s versatility and propane farm equipment, visit Propane.com/Agriculture. To learn more about propane and PERC, visit Propane.com.

–Propane Education & Research Council